A Novel Cognitive Optimization for the Eradication of Non-linear Effects by FWM in Radio-Over Fiber Systems



Radio over Fiber is the integration of the wireless communication over the Fiber system is the next generation communication region. The effect of the four wave mixing plays an important role while transferring the data in the Fiber systems. The system introduces more adherable results during the data transmissions in Radio over Fiber Systems. Hence we propose the new optimization algorithm so called Cognitive Optimization algorithms which can be integrated to overcome the effects of above mentioned. The cognitive optimization is the new algorithm which deals with the adoption of modulations techniques which can be adaptive as the distance of the implementation increases. We have implemented with the different modulations and compared with the our algorithms to prove that the adoption of our algorithms finds its suitable when the Radio over Fiber is can be extended to the 4G networks and also it has been tested with the LTE-A signals.


Cognitive optimization LTE Radio over Fiber Four wave mixing 


  1. 1.
    Flavio, C. (2016). Cruz optical frequency combs generated by four wave mixing in optical fibers for astrophysical spectrometer calibration and metrology. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 52, 1–18.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sabapathi, T., & Sundaravadivelu, S. (2010). Analysis of bottlenecks in DWDM fiber optic communication system. Optik, 122, 1453–1457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Singh, A., Sharma, A. K., & Kamal, T. S. (2008). Investigation on modified FWM suppression methods in DWDM optical communication system. Optics Communications, 282, 392–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marcuse, D., Chraplyvy, A. R., & Tkach, R. W. (1991). Effect of fiber nonlinearity on long-distance transmission. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 9, 121–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lichtman, E. (1991). Bit rate-distance product limitations due to fiber nonlinearities in multichannel coherent optical communication systems. Electronics Letters, 27, 757–759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agrawal, G. P. (2001). Nonlinear fiber optics and communication systems (Vol. 7, pp. 1–18). New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chraplyvy, A. R. (1990). Limitations on lightwave communications imposed by optical-fiber nonlinearities. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 8, 1548–1557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Souza, J. R., & Harboe, P. B. (2011). FWM: effect of channel allocation with constant bandwidth and ultra-fine grids in DWDM systems. IEEE Latin America Transactions, 9, 1–20.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Goloubkoff, M. (1997). Outdoor and indoor applications for broadband local loop with fiber supported mm-wave radio systems. In IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (Vol. 8, pp. 31–34).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Roussell, H., Regan, M., Prince, J., Cox, C., Chen, J., Burns et al. (2007). Gain, noise figure, and bandwidth-limited dynamic range of a low-biased external modulation link. In Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (Vol. 7, pp. 84–87). Canada: Victoria.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ackerman, E., Betts, G., Burns, W., Campbell, J., Cox, C., Duan, N. et al. (2007). Signal-to-noise performance of two analog photonic links using different noise reduction techniques. In IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Digest (Vol. 9, pp. 51–54). Honolulu, HI.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shibata, N., Braun, R. P., & Waarts, R. G. (1987). Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode optical fiber. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 23, 1205–1210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Agrawal, G. P. (2001). Fiber-optic communication system (Vol. 9, pp. 125–145). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ablowitz, M. J., & Biondini, G. (1997). Four wave mixing wavelength division multiplexed soliton systems: Ideal fibers. Journal of Optical Society of America, 14(7), 1788–1794.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Koonen, A. M. J., & Larrode, M. G. (2008). Perspectives of radio over fiber technologies. Journal of Optical Fiber Communication (OSA), 6, 345–353.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bahrami, A. (2008). Performance evaluation of radio over fiber systems using Mach-Zehnder modulator. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 9, 25–39.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronics EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.School of Electrical EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia

Personalised recommendations