Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 99, Issue 4, pp 1569–1588 | Cite as

Backbone Network Traffic Prediction Based on Modified EEMD and Quantum Neural Network

  • Wanwei Huang
  • Jianwei Zhang
  • Shujun Liang
  • Haiyan Sun


Aiming at the long-range dependence and short-range dependence characteristics of backbone network traffic, a traffic forecasting model based on Modified Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (MEEMD) and Quantum Neural Network (QNN) is presented. Firstly, the MEEMD method is employed to decompose the traffic data sequence into intrinsic mode function (IMF) component. Then, the Quantum Neural Network is adopted to forecast the IMF components. Ultimately, the final prediction value is obtained via synthe-tizing the prediction results of all components. The QNN is composed of universal quantum gates and quantum weighted, and its learning algorithm employs the Modified Polak–Ribière–Polyak Conjugate Gradient method. The forecast results on real network traffic show that the proposed algorithm has a lower computational complexity and higher prediction accuracy than that of EMD and Auto Regressive Moving Average, EMD and Support Vector Machines, EEMD and Artificial Neural Networks method.


Backbone network traffic Modified ensemble empirical mode decomposition Quantum neural network PRP conjugate gradient Traffic prediction 



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions that improved this work.


This study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (61672471), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61502436) and 2016 annual Henan technological innovation (164100510019).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wanwei Huang
    • 1
  • Jianwei Zhang
    • 1
  • Shujun Liang
    • 1
  • Haiyan Sun
    • 1
  1. 1.Software Engineer CollegeZhengzhou University of Light IndustryZhengzhouChina

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