An Assistive VLC Technology for Smart Home Devices Using EOG

  • Durai Rajan Dhatchayeny
  • Willy Anugrah Cahyadi
  • Yeon-Ho Chung
Article

Abstract

In recent years, assistive technology has been an emerging area of research to improve the quality of life, especially for the disabled and elderly people. In this paper, a novel electro-oculogram (EOG) signal based assistive visible light communication (VLC) in a smart home environment is presented. The eye movement is captured using silver chloride (AgCl) surface electrodes placed around eyes. The captured signal is further processed and transmitted using a VLC link to control smart home devices. To validate the proposed EOG-VLC based smart device control scheme, experiments were conducted. For the ease of the experiments, instead of an actual smart home device, we employed a digital door lock to verify its accurate control operation. Experiment results demonstrate that the proposed smart device control scheme operates accurately and reliably. Therefore, since the proposed scheme is based on a less hazardous VLC link, it is envisioned that the scheme can pave the way for greener and safer smart homes, particularly benefiting disabled and elderly people.

Keywords

Electro-oculogram (EOG) Optical sensors Visible light communication (VLC) Smart home 

References

  1. 1.
    Ghazal, B., & Al-Khatib, K. (2015). Smart home automation system for elderly, and handicapped people using XBee. International Journal of Smart Home, 9(4), 203–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Robles, R. J., & Kim, T. H. (2010). Applications, systems and methods in smart home technology: A review. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 15, 37–48.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wijesoma, W. S., Wee, K. S., Wee, O. C., Balasuriya, A. P., San, K. T., & Soon L. K. (2005). EOG based control of mobile assistive platforms for the severely disabled. In Proceedings of international conference on robotics and biomimetics (pp. 490–494).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barea, R., Boquete, L., Mazo, M., & Lopez, E. (2002). Wheelchair guidance strategies using EOG. Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems, 34(3), 279–299.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Aungsakul, S., Phinyomark, A., Phukpattaranont, P., & Limsakul, C. (2012). Evaluating feature extraction methods of EOG Signal for human-computer interface. Procedia Engineering, 32, 246–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Venkataramanan, S., Prabhat, P., Choudhury, S.R., Nemade, H. B., & Sahambi, J. S. (2005). Biomedical instrumentation based on EOG signal processing and application to a hospital alarm system. In Proceedings of international conference on intelligent sensing and information processing (pp. 535–540).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Aggarwal, A., & Gupta, A. (2011). Effect of electromagnetic radiations on humans: A study. In IEEE students’ technology symposium (pp. 75–80).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sewaiwar, A., Tiwari, S. V., & Chung, Y. H. (2015). Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional LiFi network. Optics Communications, 339, 153–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dhatchayeny, D. R., Sewaiwar, A., Tiwari, S. V., & Chung, Y. H. (2015). Experimental biomedical EEG signal transmission using VLC. IEEE Sensors Journal, 15(10), 5386–5387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tiwari, S. V., Sewaiwar, A., & Chung, Y. H. (2015). Optical bidirectional beacon based visible light communications. Optics Express, 23, 26551–26564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rajagopal, S., Roberts, R. D., & Lim, S. K. (2012). IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: Modulation schemes and dimming support. IEEE Communication Magazine, 50(3), 72–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Feng, Z., Papageorgiou, G., Gao, Q., Atya, A. F., Krishnamurthy, V., & Chen, G. (2014). Performance of visible light communications with dimming controls. In IEEE wireless communications and networking conference, WCNC (pp. 1756–1761).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Durai Rajan Dhatchayeny
    • 1
  • Willy Anugrah Cahyadi
    • 1
  • Yeon-Ho Chung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Information and Communications EngineeringPukyong National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations