WSN Deployment and Localization Using a Mobile Agent

Abstract

To address the problem the sensors were typically deployed in fixed positions, but the robots can be used to calibrate, deploy and maintain the surrounding wireless sensor network (WSN) in disaster relief applications, a novel framework was proposed to obtain a wide coverage of the unknown environment by the sensors, which can help the robot during the disaster recovery activities, for the concurrent deployment and localization of a WSN by means of a mobile robot. During the mission, the robot explored an unknown environment, and was equipped with both proprioceptive sensors, range finders and wireless antennas. Moreover, the robot carried a set of nodes, and it can deploy them while exploring the unknown environment. Variou experimental results showd the proposed algorithm can outperform trilateration method in unknown environment exploration and network coverage problems.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are funded by the National Natural Science Foundation (NNSF) of China under Grant Nos. 61273078, 61471110. The views expressed are solely those of the authors.

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Correspondence to Sheng Feng.

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Feng, S., Wu, C., Zhang, Y. et al. WSN Deployment and Localization Using a Mobile Agent. Wireless Pers Commun 97, 4921–4931 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-017-4747-5

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Keywords

  • Indoor environment
  • Shadow-edge localization approach
  • Path planning
  • Autonomous deployment
  • Wireless sensor network