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Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 96, Issue 1, pp 1451–1474 | Cite as

Anonymous Password Authenticated Key Exchange Protocol in the Standard Model

  • Xuexian Hu
  • Jiang Zhang
  • Zhenfeng Zhang
  • Fengmei Liu
Article

Abstract

Anonymous password authenticated key exchange (APAKE) allows a client holding a low-entropy password to establish a session key with a server in an authenticated and anonymous way. As a very convenient solution for personal privacy protection, it has attracted much attention in recent years. However, almost all existing APAKE protocols are designed in the random oracle model. In this paper, we propose the first password-only APAKE protocol (called APAKE-S) with proven security in the standard model, i.e., without random oracle heuristic. The resulting protocol guarantees AKE security, client anonymity and mutual authentication. Moreover, since the building blocks in our construction can be instantiated based on numerous hard assumptions (e.g., decisional Diffie–Hellman, Quadratic Residuosity, and N-residuosity assumptions), our APAKE-S protocol is actually a generic construction which implies a series of efficient APAKE protocols in the standard model.

Keywords

Password authentication Anonymous authentication Key exchange protocol Standard model 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61502527, 61602046, U1536205, 61379150), the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2013CB338003 and 2012CB315905), and Foundation of Science and Technology on Information Assurance Laboratory (No. KJ-14-004).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuexian Hu
    • 1
  • Jiang Zhang
    • 2
  • Zhenfeng Zhang
    • 3
  • Fengmei Liu
    • 4
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mathematical Engineering and Advanced ComputingZhengzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of CryptologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Trusted Computing and Information Assurance Laboratory, Institute of SoftwareChinese Academy of ScienceBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Science and Technology on Information Assurance LaboratoryBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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