Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) for Indoor Image Sensor Communication System

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an indoor image sensor communication (ISC) system comprising an attentive indoor environment in which rolling-shutter cameras (including smart phone cameras) are used to receive data from light sources. The challenges of intended system mainly come from the receiver side, including its rolling shutter mechanism, its low and time-variant frame rate (e.g., no greater than 30 fps), and the narrow bandwidth response (i.e. several kHz baseband). Also, the requirements of flicker-free modulation enabling the dimming capacity, and indoor distance (i.e., up to 10 m) are unmitigated challenges. To resolve all mentioned challenges, we propose new hybrid modulation schemes, including M-ary frequency-shift keying (M-FSK) modulation and a hybrid modulation of M-FSK and phase-shift keying (2-PSK) for ISC. Simulation, numerical analysis and experiment results are given to illustrate the feasibility of the intended system.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Institute for Information and communications Technology Promotion (IITP) grant funded by the Korea Government (MSIP) (No. R0127-15-1025, Development of Optical Wireless Communications (OWC) Standardization)

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Correspondence to Yeong Min Jang.

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Hong, C.H., Nguyen, T., Le, N.T. et al. Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) for Indoor Image Sensor Communication System. Wireless Pers Commun 93, 987–1003 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-017-3977-x

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Keywords

  • Indoor image sensor communication (ISC)
  • Rolling shutter camera
  • Modulation and coding scheme
  • M-FSK
  • 2-PSK
  • Pair of LEDs
  • Optical wireless communication (OWC)
  • IEEE TG7m