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The IoT Architectural Framework, Design Issues and Application Domains


The challenge raised by the introduction of Internet of Things (IoT) concept will permanently shape the networking and communications landscape and will therefore have a significant social impact. The ongoing IoT research activities are directed towards the definition and design of open architectures and standards, but there are still many issues requiring a global consensus before the final deployment. The paper presents and discusses the IoT architectural frameworks proposed under the ongoing standardization efforts, design issues in terms of IoT hardware and software components, as well as the IoT application domain representatives, such as smart cities, healthcare, agriculture, and nano-scale applications (addressed within the concept of Internet of Nano-Things). In order to obtain the performances related to recently proposed protocols for emerging Industrial Internet of Things applications, the preliminary results for Message Queuing Telemetry Transport and Time-Slotted Channel Hopping protocols are provided. The testing was performed on OpenMote hardware platform and two IoT operating systems: Contiki and OpenWSN.

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This work is partially supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Ministry of Science of Montenegro, under the bilateral Project Architecture, design and performances of DCQ switch, and by the Ministry of Science of Montenegro under Grant 01-451/2012 (FOREMONT). The research is also partially supported by NORBOTECH (NORway-BOsnia TECHnology Transfer) project under reference 2011/1370, within the Programme in Higher Education, Research and Development; financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

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Correspondence to Gordana Gardašević.

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Gardašević, G., Veletić, M., Maletić, N. et al. The IoT Architectural Framework, Design Issues and Application Domains. Wireless Pers Commun 92, 127–148 (2017).

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  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Architectural framework
  • Applications
  • Industrial IoT
  • MQTT
  • TSCH
  • OpenMote platform