Road Oriented Traffic Information System for Vehicular Ad hoc Networks
- 354 Downloads
Over the last few years, vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have gained popularity for their interesting applications. To make efficient routing decisions, VANET routing protocols require road traffic density information for which they use density estimation schemes. This paper presents a distributed mechanism for road vehicular density estimation that considers multiple road factors, such as road length and junctions. Extensive simulations are carried out to analyze the effectiveness of the proposed technique. Simulation results suggested that, the proposed technique is more accurate compared to the existing technique. Moreover, it facilitate VANET routing protocols to increase packet delivery ratio and reduce end-to-end delay.
KeywordsVANETs road traffic estimation Infrastructure-free traffic estimation Traffic estimation for VANETs routing VANETs cell density packet Vehicular ad hoc network
- 1.Car-to-Car Communication Consortium. (2012). http://www.car-to-car.org. Accessed March 2012.
- 2.Yin, J., ElBatt, T., Yeung, G., Ryu, B., Habermas, S., Krishnan H., & Talty, T. (2004). Performance evaluation of safety applications over DSRC vehicular ad hoc networks. ACM VANET (pp. 1–9), October 2004.Google Scholar
- 3.Zimmer, M. T. (2005). Personal information and the design of vehicle safety communication technologies: An application of privacy as contextual integrity. In AAAS Science and Technology in Society.Google Scholar
- 4.US Department of Transportation: Intelligent transportation system. http://www.its.dot.gov. Accessed March 2012.
- 6.White, J. (2012). Identify intelligent vehicle safety applications enabled. Vehicle safety communications consortium. http://www.epic.org/privacy/location/jwhitelocationprivacy.pdf. Accessed March 2012.
- 7.Kargl, F. (2006). Vehicular communications and VANETs. Germany: Talks Chaos Communication Congress.Google Scholar
- 9.Mo, Z., Zhu, H., Makki, K., & Pissinou, N. (2006). MURU: A multi-hop routing protocol for urban vehicular ad hoc networks. In Mobile and ubiquitous systems: Networking and services (pp. 1–8).Google Scholar
- 11.Jerbi, M., Senouci, S. M., Rasheed, T., & Ghamri-Doudane, Y. (2007). AniImproved vehicular ad hoc routing protocol for city environments. IEEE International Conference on Communications (pp. 3972–3979), June 2007.Google Scholar
- 12.Bilal, S. M., Madani, S. A., & Khan, I. A. (2011). Enhanced junction selection mechanism for routing protocol in VANETs. International Arab Journal of Information Technology, 8(4), 422–429.Google Scholar
- 13.Lee, J., Lo, C., Tang, S., Horng, M., & Kuo, Y. (2011). A hybrid traffic geographic routing with cooperative traffic information collection scheme in VANET. In International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology (pp. 1496–1501).Google Scholar
- 14.Ziliaskopoulos, A. K., & Zhang, J. (2003). A zero public infrastructure vehicle based traffic information system. Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, July 2003.Google Scholar
- 15.Jerbi, M., Senouci, S. M., Meraihi, R., & Doudane, Y. G. (2007). An infrastructure-free traffic information system for vehicular networks. In IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (pp. 2086–2090), October 2007.Google Scholar
- 16.Wischhof, L., Ebner, A., Rohling, H., Lott, M., & Halmann R. (2003). SOTIS—A self-organizing traffic information system. In IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, April 2003.Google Scholar
- 17.Nadeem, T., Dashtinezhad, S., Liao, C., & Iftode, L. (2004). TrafficView: Traffic data dissemination using car-to-car communication. In ACM Mobile Computing and Communications Review (pp. 6–19), July 2004.Google Scholar
- 19.Sen, R., Cross, A., Vashistha, A., Padmanabhan, V. N., Cutrell, E., & Thies, W. (2013). Accurate speed and density measurement for road traffic in India. In Third ACM Symposium on Computing for Development.Google Scholar
- 20.Bilal, S. M., Saeed, U., & Mustafa, S. (2011). Impact of directional density on GyTAR routing protocol for VANETs in city environments. In International IEEE Multitopic Conference (pp. 296–300), December 2011.Google Scholar
- 21.Venkata, M. D., Pai, M. M. M., Pai, R. M., & Mouzna, J. (2011). Traffic monitoring and routing in VANETs—A cluster based approach. In International Conference on ITS Telecommunications (pp. 27–32), August 2011.Google Scholar
- 22.Zhao, J., & Cao, G. (2006). VADD: Vehicle-assisted data delivery in vehicular ad hoc networks. In IEEE INFOCOM (pp. 1–12).Google Scholar
- 23.Chou, L. D. (2010). Intersection-based routing protocol for VANET. In International Conference on Ubiquitous and Future Networks (pp. 268–272), June 2010.Google Scholar
- 24.Bajaj, L., Takai, M., Ahuja, R., Tang, K., Bagrodia, R., & Gerla, M. (1997). GlomoSim: A scalable network simulator environment. Technical, Report, #990027, UCLA.Google Scholar
- 25.Filali, F., Bonnet, C., & Fiore, M. (2006). Vanet-mobisim: Generating realistic mobility patterns for VANETs. In Workshop on vehicular ad hoc networks, (pp. 96–97).Google Scholar
- 26.Choffnes, D. R., & Bustamante, F. (2005). An integrated mobility and traffic model for vehicular wireless networks. In Second ACM International Workshop on Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (pp. 69–78).Google Scholar
- 28.Harri, J., Filali, F., & Bonnet, C. (2006). Mobility models for vehicular ad hoc networks: A survey and taxonomy. Technical Report RR-06-168, Institute Eurecom, March 2006.Google Scholar