Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 71, Issue 4, pp 2895–2911 | Cite as

ICI Reduction in OFDM System Using IMBH Pulse Shapes

  • Rajiv Saxena
  • Hem Dutt Joshi


In this paper, the Improved Modified Bartlett-Hanning (IMBH) window family is used in an OFDM system to reduce the ICI. It is found that the IMBH pulse shape gives better results than the PMSP, ISP, BTRC, RC, Bartlett and rectangular pulse shapes in terms of both ICI and BER. The optimization of SIR in terms of window parameters has also been obtained. This analysis provides a better insight to control ICI or BER with proposed pulse shape. The IMBH pulse shapes give an improvement of 2–3 dB in ICI with different frequency offsets and roll-off factors. Similarly, with proposed pulse shapes the BER level can be obtained at lower SNR of approximately 5 dB. Therefore, the IMBH pulse shapes outperform other reported pulse shapes in both the dimensions, i.e., ICI and BER.


OFDM ICI SIR BER Nyquist window 



Authors acknowledge the critical and constructive evaluation done by the reviewers in bringing this shape of the article.


  1. 1.
    Richard, V. N., & Prasad, R. (2000). OFDM for wireless multimedia communication. London: Artech house Publisher.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    IEEE Std 802.11a. (1999). Wireless LAN medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    IEEE Std 802.16a. (2003). Air interface for fixed broadband wireless access systems—Amendment 2: medium access control modifications and additional physical layer specifications for 2–11 GHz.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ETSI. (2001). Broadband radio access networks (BRAN); HIPERLAN type 2; physical (PHY) layer. TS 101 475 v1.3.1.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ETSI EN 300 401 v1.3.3. (2001). Radio broadcasting systems; digital audio broadcasting (DAB) to mobile, portable and fixed receivers.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ETSI EN 300 744 v1.4.1. (2001). Digital video broadcasting (DVB-T); framing structure, channel coding and modulation for digital terrestrial television.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Keller, T., & Hanzo, L. (2000). Adaptive multicarrier modulation: A convenient framework for time-frequency processing in wireless communications. Proceedings of the IEEE, 88(5), 611–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stantchev, B., & Fettweis, G. (2000). Time-variant distortions in OFDM. IEEE Communications Letters, 4(10), 312–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Armstrong, J. (1999). Analysis of new and existing methods of reducing inter-carrier interference due to carrier frequency offset in OFDM. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 47(3), 365–369.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahn, J., & Lee, H. S. (1993). Frequency domain equalization of OFDM signal over frequency nonselective Rayleigh fading channels. Electronics Letters, 29(16), 1476–1477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dhahi, N. A. (1996). Optimum finit length equalization for multicarrier transceivers. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 44(1), 56–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhao, Y., & Haggman, S. G. (2001). Intercarrier interference self-cancellation scheme for OFDM mobile communication systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 49(7), 1185–1191.MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Muschallik, C. (1996). Improving an OFDM reception using an adaptive Nyquitst windowing. IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics, 42(8), 259–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Muller-Weinfurtner, S. H. (2001). Optimum Nyquist windowing in OFDM receivers. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 49(3), 417–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Beaulieu, N. C., & Tan, P. (2007). On the effects of receiver Windowing on OFDM performance in the presence of carrier frequency offset. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 6(1), 202–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kumbasar, V., & Kucur, O. (2007). ICI reduction in OFDM systems by using improved sinc power pulse. Digital Signal Processing, 17(6), 997–1006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Alexandru, N. D., & Onofrei, A. L. (2010). ICI reduction in OFDM systems using phase modified Sinc pulse. Wireless Personal Communications, 53(1), 141–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gautam, Jai Krishna, Kumar, Arun, & Saxena, Rajiv. (1996). On the modified Bartlett-Hanning window (family). IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 44(8), 2098–2102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dharmawansa, P., & Rajatheva, N. (2009). An exact error probability analysis of OFDM systems with frequency offset. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 57(1), 26–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Proakis, J. G. (2000). Digital communications (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringJaypee University of Engineering and TechnologyRaghogarhIndia

Personalised recommendations