Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 66, Issue 2, pp 251–260 | Cite as

Propagation Path Loss and Materials Insertion Loss in Indoor Environment at WiMAX Band of 3.3 to 3.6 GHz

  • Bazil Taha AhmedEmail author
  • José Luis Masa Campos
  • Jose Maria Lalueza Mayordomo


The purpose of this study is to characterize the indoor channel for IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX) at 3.3–3.6 GHz frequency. This work presents a channel model based on measurements conducted in commonly found scenarios in buildings. These scenarios include closed corridor, wide corridor and semi open corridor. Path loss equations are determined using log-distance path loss model and a Rayleigh multipath induced fading, Normal multipath induced fading or a combination of both. A numerical analysis of measurements in each scenario was conducted and the study determined equations that describe path loss for each scenario. Propagation loss is given for 300 MHz bandwidth. This work also represents the insertion loss of different materials and the obstruction loss due the existence of human beings between the transmitting antenna and the receiving one.


WiMAX Indoor propagation Rayleigh multipath induced fading Normal multipath induced fading 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Tummala, D. (2005). Indoor propagation modeling at 2.4 GHz for IEEE 802.11 Networks. M.Sc Thesis, University of North Texas, December.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Masson E. et al (2009) Radio wave propagation in arched cross section tunnels—simulations and measurements. Journal of Communications 4(4): 276–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kjeldsen, E., & Hopkins, M. An experimental look at RF propagation in narrow tunnels. Scientific Research Corporation (SRC) Atlanta, Georgia.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barbiroli, M., Carciofi, C., Esposti, V. D., Fuschini, F., Grazioso, P., Guiducci, D., Robalo, D., & Velez, F. J. Characterization of WiMAX propagation in microcellular and picocellular environments. EUCAP 2010, Barcelona, SPAIN.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zaballos, A., Corral, G., Carné, A., & Pijoan, J. L. Modeling new indoor and outdoor propagation models for WLAN. Available at:
  6. 6.
    Gorce, J. M., Runser, K., & de la Roche, G. FDTD based efficient 2D simulations of Indoor propagation for wireless LAN. Available at:
  7. 7.
    Nerguizian C., Despins C.L., Affes S., Djadel M. (2005) Radio-channel characterization of an underground mine at 2.4 GHz. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications 4(5): 2441–2453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mao X. H., Lee Y. H., Ng B. C. (2010) Propagation modes and temporal variations along a lift shaft in UHF band. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 58(8): 2700–2709CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bazil Taha Ahmed
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Luis Masa Campos
    • 1
  • Jose Maria Lalueza Mayordomo
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Autonoma de MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations