Skip to main content
Log in

A Cross-Layer Approach to Enhance QoS for Multimedia Applications Over Satellite

Wireless Personal Communications Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Cite this article


The need for on-demand QoS support for communications over satellite is of primary importance for distributed multimedia applications. This is particularly true for the return link which is often a bottleneck due to the large set of end-users accessing a very limited uplink resource. Facing this need, Demand Assignment Multiple Access (DAMA) is a classical technique that allows satellite operators to offer various types of services, while managing the resources of the satellite system efficiently. Tackling the quality degradation and delay accumulation issues that can result from the use of these techniques, this paper proposes an instantiation of the Application Layer Framing (ALF) approach, using a cross-layer interpreter (xQoS-Interpreter). The information provided by this interpreter is used to manage the resource provided to a terminal by the satellite system in order to improve the quality of multimedia presentations from the end user’s point of view. Several experiments are carried out for different loads on the return link. Their impact on QoS is measured through different application as well as network level metrics.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Delli Priscoli F., Pietrabissa A. (2004) Design of a bandwidth-on-demand protocol for satellite networks modeled as timedelay systems. Automatica 40(5): 729–741

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  2. Jiang, Z., et al. (2002). A predictive demand assignment multiple access protocol for broadband satellite networks supporting internet applications. In IEEE ICC, April 28, New York.

  3. Lee K.-D. (2004) An efficient real-time method for improving intrinsic delay of capacity allocation in interactive GEO satellite networks. IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology 53(2): 538–546

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. ETSI EN 301 790 v1.3.1: Digital Video Broadcast (DVB); Interaction channel for satellite distribution systems. ETSI Norm, January 2003.

  5. Sastri, L. K. (2006). Cross-layer design challenges for quality of service guarantees in satellite networks. In Military Communications Conference (MILCOM 2006) (pp. 1–7).

  6. Sgakkottai S., Rappaport T.S., Karlsson P.C. (2003) Cross-layer design for wireless networks. IEEE Communications Magazine 41(10): 74–80. doi:10.1109/MCOM.2003.1235598

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Wang, Q., & Abu-Rgheff, M. A. (2003). Cross-layer signaling for next-generation wireless systems. In Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communication and Networking. Conference, March 2003, New Orleans, LA.

  8. van Der Schaar, M. (2005). Sai, cross-layer wireless multimedia transmission: Challenges, principles, and new paradigms. Wireless Communications, IEEE, 12(4), 50–58. see also IEEE Personal Communications. doi:10.1109/MWC.2005.1497858.

  9. Clark, D. D., & Tennenhouse, D. L. (1990). Architectural considerations for a new generation of protocols. In Proceedings of IEEE SIGCOMM (Symposium on Communications Architectures and Protocols) (pp. 200–208). September 1990, Philadelphia, USA.

  10. Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., & Jacobson, V. (2003). RTP: A transport protocol for real-time applications. IETF RFC 3550, July 2003.

  11. Ksentini A., Naimi M., Gueroui A. (2006) Toward an improvement of H.264 video transmission over IEEE 802.11e through a cross-layer architecture. IEEE Communications Magazine 44(1): 107–114

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Skinnemoen et al (2005) VoIP over DVB-RCS with QoS and bandwidth on demand. IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine 12(5): 46–53

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Connors D. et al (2002) A medium access control protocol for real time video over high latency satellite channels. Mobile Networks and Applications 7(1): 9–20. doi:10.1023/A:1013297627486

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. ETSI Technical Specification. (2006). Satellite Earth Stations and Systems (SES); Broadband Satellite Multimedia (BSM): QoS Functional Architecture. ETSI TS 102 462 V1.1.1 December 2006.

  15. Kota S. et al (2003) Quality of service for satellite IP networks: A survey. International Journal of Satellite Communications and Networking 21(4–5): 303–349

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Stanislaus, W., Fairhurst, G., & Radzik, J. (2005). Cross layer techniques for flexible transport protocol using UDP-Lite over a satellite network. In 2nd International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (pp. 706–710), September 2005.

  17. Chini, P., Giambene, G., Bartolini, D., Luglio, M., & Roseti, C. (2005). Dynamic resource allocation based on a TCP-MAC cross-layer approach for interactive satellite networks. In 2nd International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (pp. 657–661), September 2005.

  18. Giambene, G., & Miorandi, D. (2005). Scalable TCP over satellite links: Performance issues and cross-layer design. In 2nd International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (pp. 762–766). September 2005.

  19. Celandroni N. et al (2002) A multi-level satellite channel allocation algorithm for real-time VBR data. International Journal of Satellite Communications 20(1): 47–61. doi:10.1002/sat.708

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Koutsakis P. (2007) On providing dynamic resource allocation based on multimedia traffic prediction, in satellite systems. Computer Communications 30(2): 404–415. doi:10.1016/j.comcom.2006.09.005

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Chellappa V., Cosman P.C., Voelker G.M. (2008) Dual frame motion compensation with uneven quality assignment. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 18(2): 249–256. doi:10.1109/TCSVT.2008.916575

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Shen, B. (2006). Optimal requantization-based rate adaptation for H.264. In ICME 2006 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo, Toronto.

  23. Hsua C.-S., Houb Y.-C. (2006) An image size unconstrained ownership identification scheme for gray-level and color ownership statements based on sampling methods. Journal of Systems and Software 79(8): 1130–1140

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mathieu Gineste.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gineste, M., Van Wambeke, N., Exposito, E. et al. A Cross-Layer Approach to Enhance QoS for Multimedia Applications Over Satellite. Wireless Pers Commun 50, 305–328 (2009).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: