Cooperative Wireless Networking Beyond Store-and-Forward

Perspectives in PHY and MAC design

Abstract

In future wireless networks devices may cooperate to form logical links. Each of these links may consist of several independent physical channels which are shared by the cooperating partners. Even without multiple antennas this cooperation provides diversity in time and space. This so-called cooperation diversity increases the robustness of the link vs. fading and interference. After surveying approaches in cooperation diversity we focus on optimizing its performance by combining several cooperation schemes and by integrating cooperation into space-time coding. For multiple scenarios, we further discuss the factors and benefits introduced by user cooperation and how cooperation-aware resource allocation can be employed to further increase the performance of cooperative networks. When it comes to implementation, the question arises how cooperation can be integrated efficiently into existing wireless networks. A case study for 802.11-based WLANs reveals the issues that need to be solved in order to deploy cooperative techniques. We provide an overview of the state of the art in implementing cooperation approaches, analyze how appropriate these approaches solve the issues, and, where appropriate, point out their deficiencies. We conclude with a road map for future research necessary to tackle these deficiencies for the practical implementation of cooperation in next generation mesh, WLAN, WMAN, and cellular standards.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Agustin, A., & Vidal, J. (2007). Radio resources optimization for the half-duplex relay-assisted multiple access channel. In IEEE International conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP).

  2. 2.

    Agustin A., Vidal J., Muñoz O. (2005). Hybrid turbo FEC/ARQ systems and distributed space-time coding for cooperative transmission. International Journal of Wireless Information Networks (IJWIN), 12(4): 263—280

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Bao, X., & Li, J. (2006). Progressive network coding for message-forwarding in ad-hoc wireless networks. In Proceeding 3rd Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks (SECON) Vol. 1. (pp. 207—215).

  4. 4.

    Bletsas A., Khisti A., Reed D.P., Lippman A. (2006). A simple cooperative diversity method based on network path selection. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 24(3): 659—672

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Cover T.M., Gamal A.A.E. (1979). Capacity theorems for the relay channel. IEEE Transaction on Information Theory, 25(5): 572—584

    MATH  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    del Coso, A., Spagnolini, U., & Ibars, C. (2007). Cooperative distributed MIMO channels in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 25(2).

  7. 7.

    Gallager R. (1994). Communications and cryptography: Two sides of one tapestry. In Engineering & Computer Science, Kluwer

  8. 8.

    Holland, G., Vaidya, N., & Bahl, P. (2001). A rate-adaptive MAC protocol for multi-hop wireless networks. In Proceeding 7th Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking (MobiCom) (pp. 236—251).

  9. 9.

    Host-Madsen A., Zhang J. (2005). Capacity bounds and power allocation for wireless relay channels. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 51(6): 2020—2040

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Hunter, T. E., & Nosratinia, A. (2002). Cooperation diversity through coding. In Proceeding IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). p. 220.

  11. 11.

    Hunter T.E., Sanayei S., Nosratinia A. (2006). Outage analysis of coded cooperation. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 52(2): 375—391

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Janani M., Hedayat A., Hunter T.E., Nosratinia A. (2004). Coded cooperation in wireless communications: space-time transmission and iterative decoding. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, 52(2): 362—371

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Laneman, J. N., Wornell, G. W., & Tse, D. N. C. (2001). An efficient protocol for realizing cooperative diversity in wireless networks. In Proceeding IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). p. 294.

  14. 14.

    Laneman J.N., Wornell G.W., Tse D.N.C. (2004). Cooperative diversity in wireless networks: Efficient protocols and outage behavior. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 50(12): 3062—3080

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Liang Y., Veeravalli V.V. (2005). Gaussian orthogonal relay channels: optimal resource allocation and capacity. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 51(9): 3284—3289

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Lin, Z., Erkip, E., & Ghosh, M. (2005). Adaptive modulation for coded cooperative systems. In Proceeding IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC).

  17. 17.

    Lin Z., Erkip E., Stefanov A. (2006). Cooperative regions and partner choice in coded cooperative systems. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 54(7): 1323—1334

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Liu P., Tao Z., Lin Z., Erkip E., Panwar S. (2006). Cooperative wireless communications: A cross-layer approach. IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine, 13, 84—92

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Liu, P., Tao, Z., & Panwar, S. (2005). A cooperative MAC protocol for wireless local area networks. In Proceeding IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Vol. 5. (pp. 2962—2968).

  20. 20.

    Nabar R.U., Bölcskei H., Kneubüler F.W. (2004). Fading relay channels: Performance limits and space-time signal design. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 22(6): 1099—1109

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Nosratinia A., Hunter T.E. (2007). Grouping and partner selection in cooperative wireless networks. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 25(2): 369—378

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Nosratinia A., Hunter T.E., Hedayat A. (2004). Cooperative communication in wireless networks. IEEE Communications Magazine, 42(10): 74—80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Sendonaris, A., Erkip, E., & Aazhang, B. (1998). Increasing uplink capacity via user cooperation diversity. In Proceeding IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). p. 156.

  24. 24.

    Sendonaris A., Erkip E., Aazhang B. (2003). User cooperation diversity. Part I. System description. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 51(11): 1927—1938

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Simoens, S., Muñoz, O., & Vidal, J. (2007). Achievable rates of compress-and-forward cooperative relaying on gaussian vector channels. In Proceeding IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC).

  26. 26.

    Stankovic V., Host-Madsen A., Xiong Z. (2006). Cooperative diversity for wireless Ad Hoc networks. IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 23(5): 37—49

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Valentin, S., & Karl, H. (2007). Effect of user mobility in coded cooperative systems with joint partner and cooperation level selection. In Proceeding IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC).

  28. 28.

    Valentin, S., Lichte, H. S., Karl, H., Simoens, S., Vivier, G., Vidal, J., & Agustin, A. (2007). Implementing cooperative wireless networks – Towards feasibility and deployment. In F. H. P. Fitzek & M. D. Katz (Eds.), Cognitive Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies and Visions, Springer.

  29. 29.

    van der Meulen, E. C. (1971). Three-terminal communication channels. In Advances in Applied Probability, Vol. 3. (pp. 120—154).

  30. 30.

    Xu, X., Erkip., Gunduz, D., & Wang, Y. (2005). Layered cooperative source and channel coding. In Proceeding IEEE Conf. on Communications, Vol. 2. (pp. 1200—1204).

  31. 31.

    Zhang, J., & Lok, T. M. (2006). Performance comparison of conventional and cooperative multihop transmission. In Proceeding IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conf. (WCNC), Vol. 2. (pp. 897—901).

  32. 32.

    Zummo, S. A. (2006). Performance analysis of coded cooperation diversity in wireless networks. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stefan Valentin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Valentin, S., Lichte, H.S., Karl, H. et al. Cooperative Wireless Networking Beyond Store-and-Forward. Wireless Pers Commun 48, 49–68 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-007-9429-2

Download citation

Keywords

  • Cooperative networks
  • Cooperation diversity
  • Resource allocation