Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 387–404 | Cite as

High Altitude Platform Station (HAPS): A Review of New Infrastructure Development for Future Wireless Communications

Article

Abstract

This paper looks into the relatively new field of high altitude platform stations. HAPS is seen as a ‘middle ground’ between the terrestrial and satellite cases, and aims to exploit of the advantages of both types of system. Since HAPS is such a new field, this paper focuses on the technology behind a HAPS communications system, how this has developed, and compares it to the terrestrial and satellite equivalents. One important area that is being investigated is the applications for which HAPS should be used. This is a critical issue if a significant business case is to be made for HAPS. Worldwide HAPS projects and research issues are also highlighted. Finally, the review concludes with the remarks on the future of HAPS for wireless communications systems.

Keywords

Wireless Communications Broadband Wireless Access Mobile communications High Altitude Platform Station 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Djuknic, and J. Freidenfelds, “Establishing wireless communications services via high-altitude aeronautical platforms: a concept whose time has come?”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ITU-R, “Revised technical and operational parameters for typical IMT-2000 terrestrial systems using high altitude platform stations and CDMA radio transmission technologies”, International Telecommunications Union Document, 8-1/307-E, 1999.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lindstrand, “ESA-HALE airship research and development program”, Proceedings of the second stratospheric platform systems workshop, pp. 99–107, 2000.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    ITU, “Operational and technical characteristics for a terrestrial IMT-2000 system using high altitude platform stations (Technical information document)”, ITU-D/2/049-E, 1998.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Cushman, and H. Deronck, “Progress of regenerative fuel cell technology in the United States of America”, Proceedings of the second stratospheric platform systems workshop, pp. 99–107, 2000.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    ITU-R, “Minimum performance characteristics and operational conditions for high altitude platform stations providing IMT-2000 in the bands 1885–1980 MHz, 2010–2025 MHz and 2110–2170 MHz in regions 1 and 3, and 1885–1980 MHz and 2110–2160 MHz in region 2”, RecommendationITU-R M.1456.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Wu, R. Miura, and Y. Hase, “A broadband wireless access system using stratospheric platform”, Proceedings of Globecom 2000, pp. 225–230, 2000.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B.J. Ku et. al. “Conceptual design of multibeam antennas (MBA) and user antenna for stratospheric communication system (SCS)”. Proceedings of the second stratospheric platform systems workshop 2000, pp. 163–170, 2000.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    SkyTower, accessed in March 2005, “SkyTower Stratospheric Telecommunications Network System”, http://www.skytowerglobal.com/network.html.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ITU, “Propagation data and prediction methods required for the design of earth-space telecommunication systems”, ITU Recommendation P.618, 2000.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. O. Committee, “SPSW 2000 summary report on worldwide activities of stratospheric platform systems workshop”, 2000.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Tafazolli, R. Wansch, C. Plenge, J. Horwath, and U. Apel, “Stratospheric Services”, Technical Note of Stratospheric Platforms - a definition study for an ESA platform (TN1), 2004.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Lee, and H. Ye, “Sky station stratospheric telecommunications system, a high speed low latency switched wireless network”, Proceeding of 17th AIAA International Communications Satellite Sytems Conference, pp. 25–32, 1998.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Colella N., Martin J., Akyildiz I. (2000). “The HALO network”. IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(6):142–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sanswire Networks, LLC: accessed in February 2006, “About the Stratellite”, http://www.sanswire.com/stratellites.htm.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Hase, R. Miura, and S. Ohmori, “A novel broadband all-wireless access network using stratospheric platforms”, Proceedings of VTC”98, pp. 1191–1194, 1998.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Grace, J. Thorton, T. Konefal, C. Spillard, and T. Tozer, “Broadband communication from high altitude platforms - the Helinet solution”, Proceedings of WPMC”01, pp. 75–80, 2001.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    CAPANINA, Accessed in January 2006, “Stratospheric Broadband”, http://www.capanina.org/.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Spacedata Corp. accessed in 2003, “Space Data Corporation”, http://www.spacedata.net.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Thornton et.al. “Broadband communications from a high altitude platforms – the European Helinet programme”, IEE Electronics Commun. Eng. J., pp. 138–144, 2001.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Oodo, R. Miura, T. Hori, T. Morisaki, K. Kashiki, and M. Suzuki, “Frequency sharing and compatibility study between fixed service using high altitude platform stations (HAPS) and other services in the 31/28 GHz bands”, Proceedings of WPMC 2001, pp. 93–98, 2001.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Y. Foo, W. Lim, and R. Tafazolli, “Centralized total received power based call admission control for high altitude platform station UMTS”, in Proc of IEEE PIMRC 2002, 2002.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Foo, W. Lim, R. Tafazolli, and L. Barclay, “Forward link power control for high altitude platform station WCDMA system”, in IEEE Proc. VTC”01, pp. 625–639, 2001.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    W. Lim, Y. Foo, R. Tafazolli, and B. Evans, “Softer handover performance of high altitude platform station WCDMA system”, in Proc of IEEE WPMC 2001, pp. 99–104, 2001.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. Rudd, “Indoor coverage considerations for high elevation angle systems”, Proceedings of 3G Mobile Communication Technologies Conference, pp. 171–174, 2001.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    IST-PRODEMIS, accessed in June 2005, “PRODEMIS Technology Watch”, http://prodemis-ist.org/.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Communication Systems ResearchUniversity of SurreyGuildfordUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations