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OFDM-FDMA Scheme for the Uplink of a Mobile Communication System

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The Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) transmission technique can efficiently deal with multi-path propagation effects especially in broadband radio channels. It also has a high degree of system flexibility in multiple access schemes by combining the conventional TDMA, FDMA and CDMA approaches with the OFDM modulation procedure which is particularly important in the uplink of a multi-user system. In OFDM-FDMA schemes carrier synchronization and the resulting subcarrier orthogonality plays an important role to avoid any multiple access interferences (MAI) in the base station receiver. An additional technical challenge in system design is the required amplifier linearity to avoid any non-linear effects caused by a large peak-to-average ratio (PAR) of an OFDM transmission signal. A specific OFDM-FDMA uplink procedure is proposed and will be designed in this paper which can be seen as a combination of a specific subcarrier spreading scheme and subcarrier selection process. The resulting transmit signal consists of a periodic extension and multiple repetition of all modulation symbols and leads therefore to an extremely low computation complexity in the transmitter. Furthermore, the transmit signal shows simultaneously a constant envelope to avoid any non-linear effects in the amplification process. This uplink scheme can be considered as a trade off between low computation complexity and system performance.

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Correspondence to Hermann Rohling.

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Prof. Hermann Rohling is with the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg, Germany where he has developed an international reputation in the field of OFDM transmission techniques. Previously Prof. Rohling was with the AEG Research Institute, Ulm as a researcher working in the area of digital signal processing for radar and communications applications. His research interests have included Wideband Mobile Communications especially based on Multicarrier Transmission Techniques (OFDM) for future broadband systems (4G), signal theory, digital radar signal processing, detection, estimation and differential GPS for high precision navigation. Prof. Rohling is a member of Informationstechnische Gesellschaft (ITG), German Institute of Navigation (DGON) and a senior member of IEEE. He is chairman of the August 2005 International OFDM Workshop (InOWo 2005) in Hamburg, Germany.

Martin Stemick received the Dipl.-Ing. degree in electrical engineering from the Technical University Hamburg Harburg (TUHH), Germany in 2004. Currently, he is a Ph. D. student and belongs to the scientific staff of the Department of Telecommunications, TUHH, Hamburg, Germany. His research interests include wireless OFDM-systems, with a current emphasis on resource allocation and equalization techniques.

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Stemick, M., Rohling, H. OFDM-FDMA Scheme for the Uplink of a Mobile Communication System. Wireless Pers Commun 40, 157–170 (2007).

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