Interference Environment Between High Altitude Platform Networks (HAPN), Geostationary (GEO) Satellite and Wireless Terrestrial Systems
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A new broadband telecommunication system has been recently proposed for provision of fixed, mobile and personal services adopting the use of high altitude platform stations placed in a fixed position in the stratospheric layer at heights from 15.5 to 30 km. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has allocated a pair of 300 MHz of spectrum in the V band for these services, which is already in use by geostationary satellite and wireless terrestrial systems as co-primary allocations. This paper addresses an in-depth co-channel interference analysis and proposes a C/I (carrier-to-interference) calculation model applicable to all the interference propagation paths as well as sharing criteria between HAPN, GEO satellite and wireless terrestrial systems extracted from simulations performed in urban, suburban and rural environments. By evaluating the interference density cumulative probability distribution functions, sufficient geographical separation distances between the ground stations are proposed which guarantee the harmonic co-existence between the three broadband systems. Maintaining the platform stable in the stratosphere is a key issue, and in this paper the effect of the three different stratospheric platform’s movement models (ITU, HELINET, HALO) appearing in the literature, on C/I levels is estimated.
Keywordshigh altitude platform networks co-channel interference V band satellite systems wireless terrestrial systems ITU HELINET HALO
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