Wireless Networks

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1655–1666 | Cite as

A joint cross-layer transmission design with time–frequency coded cooperation HARQ for underground coal mine MC-CDMA WSNs

  • Jingjing Xu
  • Wei Yang
  • Yuxin Tan
  • Young-Il Kim


In this paper, multicarrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) modulation is adapted to constitute wireless sensors to improve the monitoring performance of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for underground coal mine. A subcarrier phase compensation algorithm based on selective mapping (SLM) is proposed to reduce the relatively high PAPR of MC-CDMA signal. To further improve the monitoring performance of the underground MC-CDMA WSNs, a joint cross-layer transmission with time–frequency coded cooperation hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) is also proposed. The proposed cross-layer transmission combines time–frequency coded cooperation of physical layer with HARQ of media access control (MAC) layer. In the proposed transmission, the cooperative sensor utilizes time–frequency coded cooperation method to retransmit the monitoring information of source sensor at each retransmission time to obtain the coding gain and spatial diversity gain. Simulation results show that the proposed joint cross-layer transmission for underground coal mine MC-CDMA WSNs based on SLM phase compensation has significantly reduced the PAPR of MC-CDMA signal and improved the monitor performance of the coal mine MC-CDMA WSNs.


Underground coal mine Multicarrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) High peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) Cross-layer transmission Time–frequency coded cooperation Hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant (51474018, 51474015) and Key projects of national key Research and Development program (2016YFC0801806).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingjing Xu
    • 1
  • Wei Yang
    • 1
  • Yuxin Tan
    • 1
  • Young-Il Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringBeijing Jiaotong UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Electronics and Telecommunication Research InstituteDaejeonKorea

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