Antibiofilm activity of Andrographis paniculata against cystic fibrosis clinical isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Abstract

Respiratory tract and device associated infections caused by biofilm forming Pseudomonas aeruginosa play a primary role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) diseases. The biofilm formed by these pathogens attributes to the antibiotic resistance and protection from host immune response. Once established, the pathogens respond poorly to therapeutic agents. Recently medicinal plants are largely explored as potential source of bioactive agents. In this context the present study reports the antibiofilm activity of the folkloric medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata against biofilm forming CF causative Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from CF sputum. P. aeruginosa was also assessed for their growth and development of the biofilm, phylogenetic relationship and antibiotic susceptibility. Antibiogram of the strains indicated that they were resistant to more than one antibiotic. Six extracts of A. paniculata showed significant antibiofilm activity. P. aeruginosa strains, KMS P03 and KMS P05, were found to be maximally inhibited by the methanol extract to an extent of 88.6 and 87.5% respectively. This is the first report on antibiofilm activity of A. paniculata extracts, and our results indicate scope for development of complementary medicine for biofilm associated infections.

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Murugan, K., Selvanayaki, K. & Al-Sohaibani, S. Antibiofilm activity of Andrographis paniculata against cystic fibrosis clinical isolate Pseudomonas aeruginosa . World J Microbiol Biotechnol 27, 1661–1668 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-010-0620-3

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Keywords

  • Antibiofilm activity
  • A. paniculata
  • P.aeruginosa