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Biodegradation of aliphatic hydrocarbon by indigenous fungi isolated from used motor oil contaminated sites

Abstract

Eighteen indigenous fungal isolates has been successfully isolated from samples of used motor oil, top five centimetres of soil and drainage water contaminated with used motor oil. All of the pure fungal isolates obtained were identified, characterized and subjected to preliminary screening by evaluating the average growth rate of each fungal isolates on minimal media containing 1% (v/v) used motor oil. Trichoderma asperellum strain TUB F-1067 (SA4), Trichoderma asperellum strain Tr48 (SA5), Trichoderma asperellum strain TUB F-756 (SA6), Penicillium species (P1), and Aspergillus species (P9) were further selected for their hydrocarbon biodegradation potential. Among these five fungal isolates selected, P1 strain presented a significant degree of degradation by degrading almost all of the n-alkanes (n-C-15 to n-C-23 range) present in the used motor oil, thus of greater potential in degrading the aliphatic hydrocarbon compounds of used motor oil.

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Abbreviations

PAHs:

Polyaromatic hydrocarbons

MEA:

Malt extract agar

GC-FID:

Gas Chromatography Flame Ionization Detector

BSA:

Bovine serum albumin

g:

Gram

ml:

Mililiter

rpm:

Rotation per minute

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Acknowledgements

The authors wished to thank Associate Prof. Dr. Zani Assim for helping with the analysis of the hydrocarbon and the use of gas chromatography with flame-ionization detector (GC-FID) equipment. This research project is funded and part of the research consultancy project between Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) and Enggang Services and Product (ESP) Sdn Bhd (Grant No: UNIMAS/18-02/09-01.14).

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Correspondence to A. Husaini.

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Husaini, A., Roslan, H.A., Hii, K.S.Y. et al. Biodegradation of aliphatic hydrocarbon by indigenous fungi isolated from used motor oil contaminated sites. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 24, 2789–2797 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-008-9806-3

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Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Indigenous fungi
  • Aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • Gas chromatographic analysis