Advertisement

Chemical composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of Seseli libanotis

  • Suzan Ozturk
  • Sezai Ercisli
Article

Summary

The antibacterial efficacy of the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Seseli libanotis by using disc diffusion assay against 107 strains from 52 bacterial species and the chemical composition of the essential oil using GC/MS analysis were studied for the first time. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of single compounds were determined by the microbroth dilution method. Gas chromatography–mass spectrophotometry analyses allowed 13 compounds to be determined; the main constituents of the essential oil of aerial parts of Seseli libanotis were trans-caryophyllene (20.39%), spathulenol (11.89%), (−)-caryophyllene oxide (11.47%), euasarone (10.66%) and delta-cadinene (9.16%). The methanol extract of Seseli libanotis had a broad-spectrum antibacterial activity (>14 mm inhibition zone in diameter) in particular against Bacillus cereus, Bacillus dipsauri, Bacillus lentimorbus, Bacillus sphaericus, Bacillus subtilis, Corynebacterium ammoniagenes, Kocuria rosea, Neisseria subflava and Micrococcus lylae. These inhibitory effects are interesting in relation to the prevention of microbial contamination in foods.

Keywords

Antibacterial activity essential oil composition GC-MS methanol extract Seseli libanotis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams R.P., 2001 Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatography/quadrupole Mass Spectroscopy. Illinois, USA:Allured Publishing Corporation. ISBN 0931710855Google Scholar
  2. Alvarez-Castellanos P.P., Bishop C.D., Pascual-Villalobos M.J., 2001 Antifungal activity of the essential oil of flowerheads of garland chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum coronarium) against agricultural pathogens Phytochemistry 57:99–102CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bader A., Caponi C., Cioni P.L., Flamini G., Morelli I., 2003 Acorenone in the essential oil of flowering aerial parts of Seseli tortuosum L Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 18:57–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baser K.H.C., 2002 Aromatic biodiversity among the flowering plant taxa of Turkey Pure and Applied Chemistry 74:527–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beuchat L.R., Golden D.A., 1989 Antimicrobials occurring naturally in foods Food Technology 43:134–142Google Scholar
  6. Davis, P.H., Hedge, I.C. & Lamond, J.M. 1972 Seseli. In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Vol 4. pp. 367–372. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 0852242085Google Scholar
  7. Daferera D.J., Ziogas B.N., Polissiou M.G., 2000 GC-MS analysis of essential oils from Greek aromatic plants and their fungitoxicity on Penicillum digitatum Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 48:2576–2581CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Djipa C.D., Delmee M., Quetin-Leclercq P., 2000 Antimicrobial activity of bark extracts of Syzygium jambos L Journal of Ethnopharmacology 71:307–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kim J. Marshall M.R., Wie C., 1995 Antibacterial activity of some essential oil components against five food borne pathogens Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 43:2839–2845CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kumarasamy Y., Cox P., Jaspars M., Nahar L., Sarker S., 2002 Screening seeds of Scottish plants for antibacterial activity Journal of Ethnopharmacology 83:73–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lin J., Opoku A.R., Geheeb-Keller M., Hutchings A.D., Terblanche S.E., Jager A.K., van Staden J., 1999 Preliminary screening of some traditional zulu medicinal plants for anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities Journal of Ethnopharmacology 68:267–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Meene S., Chaudhary F.M., Bhatty M.K., 1989 Antimicrobial activity of seeds of Seseli libanotis Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 32:316–319Google Scholar
  13. Ozturk A., Ozturk S., Kartal S., 2000 The characteristics and uses of herbs added to herby cheeses in Van The Herb Journal of Systematic Botany 7:167–181Google Scholar
  14. Sahin F., Karaman I., Gulluce M., Ogutcu H., Sengul M., Adiguzel A., Ozturk S.. Kotan R., 2003 Evaluation of antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis L Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87:61–65CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Sokmen A., Jones B.M., Erturk M., 1999 The in vitro antibacterial activity of Turkish plants Journal of Ethnopharmacology 67:79–86CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Swanson K.M.S., Busta F.F., Peterson E.H., Johanson M.G., 1992 Colony count methods. In: Vanderzant C., Splittstoesser D.F., (eds.) Compendium of Methods for Microbiological Examination of Food. 3. American Public Health Association, Washington, pp 75–95. ISBN 0875531733Google Scholar
  17. Tepe B., Daferera D., Sokmen A., Sokmen M., Polissiou M., 2005 Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and various extracts of Salvia tomentosa Miller (Lamiaceae) Food Chemistry 90:333–340CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Erzurum Regional Hygiene InstituteThe Ministry of Health of TurkeyErzurumTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureAtaturk UniversityErzurumTurkey

Personalised recommendations