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Cultivation of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.) on various lignocellulosic wastes

Abstract

Cultivation of speciality mushrooms on lignocellulosic wastes represents one of the most economically and cost-effective organic recycling processes. Three species of Pleurotus, namely P. columbinus, P. sajor-caju and P. ostreatus were experimentally evaluated on untreated organic wastes including chopped office papers, cardboard, sawdust and plant fibres. Production studies were carried out in polyethylene bags of about 1 kg wet weight with 5% spawning rates of substrate fresh weight in a custom-made growth room especially designed for spawn run and cropping. The conversion percentage from dry substrate weight to fresh mushroom weight (biological efficiency) was determined. The highest biological efficiency was noted with P. columbinuson cardboard (134.5%) and paper (100.8%), whereas P. ostreatus produced maximum yield on cardboard (117.5%) followed by paper (112.4%). The overall yield of P. sajor-cajuwas comparatively low (range 47–78.4%). The average number of sporophore flushings ranged between 5 and 6 times. The findings that P. columbinus and P. ostreatus are superior to P. sajor-caju are consistent with previous reports elsewhere. Further evaluation of P. columbinus alone on different bagging systems containing partially pasteurized office papers as a growing substrate revealed that polyethylene bags resulted in 109.4% biological efficiency in contrast to pottery (86%), plastic trays (72%) or polyester net (56%). The above findings reveal an opportunity for commercial implication of oyster mushroom especially P. columbinus for utilization of different feasible and cheap recyclable residues.

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Correspondence to Q. A. Mandeel.

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Mandeel, Q.A., Al-Laith, A.A. & Mohamed, S.A. Cultivation of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.) on various lignocellulosic wastes. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 21, 601–607 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-004-3494-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-004-3494-4

Keywords

  • agriculture waste
  • bagging systems
  • fungi
  • lignocellulosic
  • oyster mushroom
  • Pleurotus
  • spawn