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Solid-state fermentation production of tetracycline by Streptomyces strains using some agricultural wastes as substrate

Abstract

The ability of Streptomyces sp. OXCI, S. rimosus NRRL B2659, S. rimosus NRRL B2234, S. alboflavus NRRL B1273 S. aureofaciens NRRL B2183 and S. vendagensis ATCC 25507 to produce tetracycline using some local agricultural wastes as solid state media, were assessed. The wastes employed include peanut (groundnut) shells, corncob, corn pomace and cassava peels. Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 was used to assay antimicrobial activity. All the strains produced tetracycline in a solid-state fermentation process containing peanut (groundnut) as the carbohydrate source. Streptomyces sp. OXC1 had the highest ability for tetracycline production with peanut shells as the substrate in solid fermentation (13.18 mg/g), followed by S. vendagensis ATCC 25507 (11.08 mg/g), S.␣rimosus NRRL B1679 (8.46 mg/g), S. alboflavus NRRL B1273 (7.59 mg/g), S. rimosus NRRL B2234 (6.37 mg/g), S. aureofaciens NRRL B2183 (4.27 mg/g). Peanut (groundnut) shells were the most effective substrate (4.36 mg/g) followed by corncob (2.64 mg/g), cassava peels (2.16 mg/g) and corn pomace (1.99 mg/g). The composition of the peanut (groundnut) shell medium optimal for tetracycline production were peanut shells 100 g, organic nitrogen (peanut meal) 10 g, (NH 4)2 SO4 1 g, KH2 PO 4 0.5 g, CaCO3 > 0.5 g, NaCl 0.5 g, MgSO4 · 7H2 O 0.5 g, soluble starch 10 g, peanut oil 0.25 ml with initial moisture content of 65–68%, and initial pH 5.3–6.3. Substrate (1 g dry weight) was inoculated with 1.0 × 10 8 conidia per ml and incubated at 28–31 °C for 5–7 days, producing 13.18 mg/g of total tetracycline. Tetracycline detection started on day 3 and attained its maximum level on day 5.

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Correspondence to Agnes E. Asagbra.

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Asagbra, A.E., Sanni, A.I. & Oyewole, O.B. Solid-state fermentation production of tetracycline by Streptomyces strains using some agricultural wastes as substrate. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 21, 107–114 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-004-2778-z

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Keywords

  • Optimisation
  • peanut shells
  • solid-state fermentation
  • Streptomyces
  • tetracycline