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Synthesis and Characterization of Chitosan-Alginate-Based Cross-linked Copolymer for the Effective Removal of Methylene Blue from Its Aqueous Solution

Abstract

The objective of the present study was the synthesis and characterization of chitosan-alginate-based cross-linked copolymer (CACC) for the effective removal of methylene blue (MB) from its aqueous solution. The CACC before and after the removal of MB was confirmed by in-depth characterization techniques. The thermal stability of the materials before and after adsorption of MB was determined by thermal gravimetric analysis. The solid–liquid phase interactions between CACC and MB during the adsorption/removal was observed employing several affecting operating parameters like the concentration of MB, CACC dose, pH, contact time and temperature were studied. Langmuir isotherm model described better MB adsorption onto CACC than the model of Freundlich model with determination coefficient R2-value of 0.990 in Langmuir equation. Thus, being an eco-friendly, biodegradable, biocompatible and low-cost material, the CACC could be a potential polymeric-based adsorbent for the effective removal of MB from its aqueous solution and wastewater.

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Acknowledgements

The author is thankful to the Prof. Kaman Singh, Surface Science Laboratory, Department of Chemistry and University Instrumental Sophisticated Centre (USIC), Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University), Uttar Pradesh, India. Thankful to Dr. Mukesh Kumar and Mr. Manish Kumar, Lab Technician, USIC, BBAU for experimental and characterization facilities.

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Sumit Kumar: adsorption study and synthesis. Shailesh Kumar*: conceptualization, analysis and final preparation. Ashok Kumar: manuscript preparation and statistical analysis. Swati Rastogi: technical discussion. Deepak Kumar: visualization and investigation.

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Correspondence to Shailesh Kumar.

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Kumar, S., Kumar, S., Kumar, A. et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Chitosan-Alginate-Based Cross-linked Copolymer for the Effective Removal of Methylene Blue from Its Aqueous Solution. Water Air Soil Pollut 232, 445 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-021-05334-6

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Keywords

  • Chitosan-based polymeric composite
  • Sodium alginate
  • Ceric ammonium nitrate
  • Glutaraldehyde
  • Methylene blue
  • Adsorption isotherms