Skip to main content

Selective Adsorption Capacity of Grape Marc Hydrogel for Adsorption of Binary Mixtures of Dyes

Abstract

In this work, an aqueous solution containing industrial dyes consisting of methylene blue (MB), and methyl red (MR) was treated with bio-oxidize grape marc entrapped or not in calcium alginate hydrogels. Experiments were carried out in batch, a room temperature using different concentration of adsorbents and dyes. When dyes were evaluated separately, non-immobilized grape marc hydrogel was unable to remove any MR, whereas when the bioadsorbent was immobilized in calcium alginate beads the removal of MR was around 88%. Contrarily, 98% of MB was removed with both, non-entrapped or entrapped grape marc. Regarding binary mixtures, it was observed that the adsorption of MR was not affected by the presence of MB, whereas the adsorption of MB decreased in high extend on non-entrapped grape marc when MR was present.

Adsorption conditions were optimized for binary mixtures using a Box-Behnken factorial design, obtaining theoretical equations that allowed to calculate the removal percentage and capacity of calcium alginate-grape marc hydrogel depending on the concentration of dyes (40–100 mg/L), ratio between bioadsorbent and water stream (0.6–1.2) and adsorption time (10–60 min). The equations obtained revealed that grape marc hydrogel is able to remove 100.0–93.3% of MB and 78.72–57.80% of MR in 10 min in the range of dye and bioadsorbent stablished in the experimental design, being the extraction time the less significant variable. Additionally, the kinetic study showed that pseudo-second-order was the model that better explained the bioadsorption process for both dyes in binary mixtures onto grape marc hydrogel.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Badr, Y., Abd El-Wahed, M. G., & Mahmoud, M. A. (2008). Photocatalytic degradation of methyl red dye by silica nanoparticles. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 154(1–3), 245–253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.10.020.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Box, G. E., Hunter, J. S., & Hunter, W. G. (2005). Statistics for experimenters: design, innovation and discovery (2nd ed.). New Yersey: Wiley and Sons.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chien, S. H., & Clayton, W. R. (1980). Application of Elovich equation to the kinetics of phosphate release and sorption in soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 44(2), 265–268. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400020013x.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Chung, K. T. (2016). Azo dyes and human health: a review. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part C Environmental Carcinogenesis and Ecotoxicology Reviews, 34(4), 233–261. https://doi.org/10.1080/10590501.2016.1236602.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Costamagna, S. R., Dupin, J., Vaylet, S., & Pellegrino, P. (2004). Evaluation of methylene blue staining-fixing technique for diagnosis of Trichomonas vaginalis. Acta Bioquímica Clínica Latinoamericana, 38(3), 307–309.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Dashtban, M., Schraft, H., & Qin, W. (2009). Fungal bioconversion of lignocellulosic residues; opportunities & perspectives. International Journal of Biological Sciences, 5(6), 578–595. https://doi.org/10.7150/ijbs.5.578.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Djebri, N., Boutahala, M., Chelali, N. E., Boukhalfa, N., & Zeroual, L. (2016). Enhanced removal of cationic dye by calcium alginate/organobentonite beads: modeling, kinetics, equilibriums, thermodynamic and reusability studies. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 92, 1277–1287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.08.013.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. El-Ashtoukhy, E. S. Z., & Fouad, Y. O. (2015). Liquid-liquid extraction of methylene blue dye from aqueous solutions using sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate as an extractant. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 54(1), 77–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2014.11.007.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Escudero, N., Deive, F. J., Sanromán, M. Á., Álvarez, M. S., & Rodríguez, A. (2019). Design of eco-friendly aqueous two-phase systems for the efficient extraction of industrial finishing dyes. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 284, 625–632. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2019.04.011.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Ho, Y. S., & Mckay, G. (1999). Pseudo-second order model for sorption. Process Biochemistry, 34(5), 451–465. doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(98)00112-5.

  11. Holme, I. (1984). Developments in the chemistry and technology of organic dyes. In G. J (Ed.), Ecological aspects of colour chemistry (pp. 111–128). Oxford: Society of Chemistry Industry.

  12. Huang, T., Yan, M., He, K., Huang, Z., Zeng, G., Chen, A., Peng, M., Li, H., Yuan, L., & Chen, G. (2019). Efficient removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions using magnetic graphene oxide modified zeolite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 543, 43–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.02.030.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Kumar, K. V., & Kumaran, A. (2005). Removal of methylene blue by mango seed kernel powder. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 27(1), 83–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2005.08.004.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Lagergren, S. (1898). About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, 24(4), 1–39.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Li, Y., Du, Q., Liu, T., Peng, X., Wang, J., Sun, J., Wang, Y., Wu, S., Wang, Z., Xia, Y., & Xia, L. (2013). Comparative study of methylene blue dye adsorption onto activated carbon, graphene oxide, and carbon nanotubes. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 91(2), 361–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2012.07.007.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Moldes, A. B., Vázquez, M., Domínguez, J. M., Díaz-Fierros, F., & Barral, M. T. (2007). Evaluation of mesophilic biodegraded grape marc as soil fertilizer. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 141(1), 27–36. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-007-9208-2.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Mouni, L., Belkhiri, L., Bollinger, J. C., Bouzaza, A., Assadi, A., Tirri, A., Dahmoune, F., Madani, K., & Remini, H. (2018). Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions by adsorption on kaolin: kinetic and equilibrium studies. Applied Clay Science, 153(November 2017), 38–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2017.11.034.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Mozaffari, M., Emami, M. R. S., & Binaeian, E. (2019). A novel thiosemicarbazide modified chitosan (TSFCS) for efficiency removal of Pb (II) and methyl red from aqueous solution. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 123, 457–467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.11.106.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Muthuraman, G., & Teng, T. T. (2009). Extraction of methyl red from industrial wastewater using xylene as an extractant. Progress in Natural Science, 19(10), 1215–1220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pnsc.2009.04.002.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Muthuraman, G., Teng, T. T., Leh, C. P., & Norli, I. (2009). Extraction and recovery of methylene blue from industrial wastewater using benzoic acid as an extractant. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163(1), 363–369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.06.122.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Namasivayam, C., & Kavitha, D. (2002). Removal of Congo red from water by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from coir pith, an agricultural solid waste, 54(1), 47–58. doi.org/10.1016/S0143-7208(02)00025-6.

  22. Novais, R. M., Ascensão, G., Tobaldi, D. M., Seabra, M. P., & Labrincha, J. A. (2018). Biomass fly ash geopolymer monoliths for effective methylene blue removal from wastewaters. Journal of Cleaner Production, 171, 783–794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.078.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Paradelo, R., Vecino, X., Moldes, A. B., & Barral, M. T. (2019). Potential use of composts and vermicomposts as low-cost adsorbents for dye removal: an overlooked application. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 26(21), 21085–21097. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05462-x.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Pawar, R. R., Lalhmunsiama, Gupta, P., Sawant, S. Y., Shahmoradi, B., & Lee, S. M. (2018). Porous synthetic hectorite clay-alginate composite beads for effective adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 114(2017), 1315–1324. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.04.008.

  25. Pelgrims, J., De Vos, F., Van den Brande, J., Schrijvers, D., Prové, A., & Vermorken, J. B. (2000). Methylene blue in the treatment and prevention of ifosfamide-induced encephalopathy: report of 12 cases and a review of the literature. British Journal of Cancer, 82(2), 291–294. https://doi.org/10.1054/bjoc.1999.0917.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Perez-Ameneiro, M., Vecino, X., Barbosa-Pereira, L., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2014a). Removal of pigments from aqueous solution by a calcium alginate-grape marc biopolymer: a kinetic study. Carbohydrate Polymers, 101(1), 954–960. doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.09.091.

  27. Perez-Ameneiro, M., Vecino, X., Vega, L., Devesa-Rey, R., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2014b). Elimination of micronutrients from winery wastewater using entrapped grape marc in alginate beads. CYTA - Journal of Food, 12(1), 73–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/19476337.2013.797923.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Perez-Ameneiro, M., Vecino, X., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2015a). Physicochemical study of a bio-based adsorbent made from grape marc. Ecological Engineering, 84, 190–193. doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2015.09.011.

  29. Perez-Ameneiro, M., Bustos, G., Vecino, X., Barbosa-Pereira, L., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2015b). Heterogenous Lignocellulosic composites as bio-based adsorbents for wastewater dye removal: a kinetic comparison. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 226(133). doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-015-2393-7.

  30. Ravi, & Pandey, L. M. (2019). Enhanced adsorption capacity of designed bentonite and alginate beads for the effective removal of methylene blue. Applied Clay Science, 169, 102–111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2018.12.019.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Sánchez, C. (2009). Lignocellulosic residues: biodegradation and bioconversion by fungi. Biotechnology Advances, 27(2), 185–194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2008.11.001.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Sangon, S., Hunt, A. J., Attard, T. M., Mengchang, P., Ngernyen, Y., & Supanchaiyamat, N. (2018). Valorisation of waste rice straw for the production of highly effective carbon based adsorbents for dyes removal. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 1128–1139. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.10.210.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Singh, J., Kumari, P., & Basu, S. (2019). Degradation of toxic industrial dyes using SnO 2 /g-C 3 N 4 nanocomposites: role of mass ratio on photocatalytic activity. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 371, 136–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2018.11.014.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Vecino, X., Devesa-Rey, R., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2013). Entrapped peat in alginate beads as green adsorbent for the elimination of dye compounds from vinasses. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 224(1448). doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1448-x.

  35. Vecino, X., Devesa-Rey, R., Villagrasa, S., Cruz, J. M., & Moldes, A. B. (2015). Kinetic and morphology study of alginate-vineyard pruning waste biocomposite vs. non modified vineyard pruning waste for dye removal. Journal of Environmental Sciences (China), 38, 158–167. doi.org/10.1016/j.jes.2015.05.032.

  36. Verma, P., & Samanta, S. K. (2017). Degradation kinetics of pollutants present in a simulated wastewater matrix using UV/TiO2photocatalysis and its microbiological toxicity assessment. Research on Chemical Intermediates, 43(11), 6317–6341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-017-2992-6.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Verma, K., Saha, G., Kundu, L. M., & Dubey, V. K. (2019). Biochemical characterization of a stable azoreductase enzyme from Chromobacterium violaceum: application in industrial effluent dye degradation. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 121, 1011–1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.10.133.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Wang, L., Wang, N., Li, J., Li, J., Bian, W., & Ji, S. (2016). Layer-by-layer self-assembly of polycation/GO nanofiltration membrane with enhanced stability and fouling resistance. Separation and Purification Technology, 160, 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2016.01.024.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Weber W. J., & Morris J. C. (1962). Advances in water pollution research: removal of biologically resistant pollutants from waste waters by adsorption. In Proceedings of International Conference on Water Pollution Symposium (pp. 231–266).

  40. Yang, L., Wang, Z., & Zhang, J. (2017). Zeolite imidazolate framework hybrid nanofiltration (NF) membranes with enhanced permselectivity for dye removal. Journal of Membrane Science, 532(February), 76–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.03.014.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Zollinger, H. (1991). Color chemistry. Synthesis, properties and applications of organic dyes and pigments. (Z. H., Ed.) (2nd ed.). Weinheim: VCH.

Download references

Acknowledgments

G. Bustos-Vázquez acknowledges the CONACyT (Call 2015) for the financial support of sabbatical stays abroad while developing this work. X. Vecino is grateful for her Juan de la Cierva contract (IJCI-2016-27445) supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO). Also, this study was supported by the Xunta de Galicia under project ED431B 2017/77.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. B. Moldes.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ndiaye, B., Bustos, G., Calvar, S. et al. Selective Adsorption Capacity of Grape Marc Hydrogel for Adsorption of Binary Mixtures of Dyes. Water Air Soil Pollut 231, 2 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-019-4358-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Grape marc
  • Bioxidation
  • Adsorption
  • Industrial dyes
  • Kinetic