Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 229:319 | Cite as

Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of a New Magnetic Silica Composite Nanoadsorbent with NiFe-Embedded Structure

  • Lei Fu
  • Y. LiuEmail author
  • Pan Huang
  • Xiaoyi Shen


A novel magnetic silica composite nanoadsorbent embedded with NiFe nanoparticles was synthesized by carbonation decomposition of sodium silicate solution followed by a hydrothermal method. The structures and properties of the composite adsorbent were characterized by SEM, EDS, XRD, TG-DTA, and VSM. It was proved that NiFe magnetic nanoparticles were successfully embedded into silica nanoparticles. In addition, the effects of pH, initial Ni (II) concentration, and temperature were investigated. Both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were used to fit the experimental data. Combined with thermodynamics parameter calculation, the adsorption process preferred Freundlich model. The kinetic adsorption data could be described by pseudo-second-order reaction. Furthermore, adsorption kinetics data were analyzed by intraparticle diffusion model. The results suggest that the adsorption process was regulated by both surface and intraparticle diffusion processes.


Adsorption Nanocomposites Magnetic Embedded structure Thermodynamic 


Funding Information

The research work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, grant no.51574084 and no.51774070).


  1. Allen, S. J., Mckay, G., & Porter, J. F. (2004). Adsorption isotherm models for basic dye adsorption by peat in single and binary component systems. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 280(2), 322–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Rashdi, B., Johnson, D., & Hilal, N. (2013). Removal of heavy metal ions by nanofiltration. Desalination, 315, 2–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Banerjee, S. S., & Chen, D.-H. (2007). Fast removal of copper ions by gum arabic modified magnetic nano-adsorbent. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 147(3), 792–799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fu, F., Xie, L., Tang, B., Wang, Q., & Jiang, S. (2012). Application of a novel strategy—advanced Fenton-chemical precipitation to the treatment of strong stability chelated heavy metal containing wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 189, 283–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ge, F., Li, M.-M., Ye, H., & Zhao, B.-X. (2012). Effective removal of heavy metal ions Cd 2+, Zn 2+, Pb 2+, Cu 2+ from aqueous solution by polymer-modified magnetic nanoparticles. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 211, 366–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Glorennec, P., Lucas, J.-P., Mercat, A.-C., Roudot, A.-C., & Le Bot, B. (2016). Environmental and dietary exposure of young children to inorganic trace elements. Environment International, 97, 28–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Guo, X., Du, B., Wei, Q., Yang, J., Hu, L., Yan, L., et al. (2014). Synthesis of amino functionalized magnetic graphenes composite material and its application to remove Cr (VI), Pb (II), Hg (II), Cd (II) and Ni (II) from contaminated water. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 278, 211–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guo, J. Z., Li, B., Liu, L., & Lv, K. (2014). Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solutions by chemically modified bamboo. Chemosphere, 111, 225–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hakami, O., Zhang, Y., & Banks, C. J. (2012). Thiol-functionalised mesoporous silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles for high efficiency removal and recovery of Hg from water. Water Research, 46(12), 3913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hou, C., Li, T., Zhao, T., Liu, H., Liu, L., & Zhang, W. (2013). Electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of multi-wall carbon nanotube/Fe3O4 hybrid materials. New Carbon Materials, 28(3), 184–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Irabien, M., & Velasco, F. (1999). Heavy metals in Oka river sediments (Urdaibai National Biosphere Reserve, northern Spain): lithogenic and anthropogenic effects. Environmental Geology, 37(1), 54–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Iram, M., Guo, C., Guan, Y., Ishfaq, A., & Liu, H. (2010). Adsorption and magnetic removal of neutral red dye from aqueous solution using Fe 3 O 4 hollow nanospheres. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 181(1), 1039–1050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Irfan, M., Butt, T., Imtiaz, N., Abbas, N., Khan, R. A., & Shafique, A. (2017). The removal of COD, TSS and colour of black liquor by coagulation–flocculation process at optimized pH, settling and dosing rate. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 10, S2307–S2318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ji, C., Li, J., Hou, C., Huo, D., Yang, M., & Zhang, L. (2017). Mesoporous hollow silica shells modified with functional diamine groups show high-performance absorption capacity and selective colorimetric response to copper ions in aqueous solutions. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 240, 718–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kong, S., Wang, Y., Hu, Q., & Olusegun, A. K. (2014). Magnetic nanoscale Fe–Mn binary oxides loaded zeolite for arsenic removal from synthetic groundwater. Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 457(1), 220–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kumari, M., Pittman, C. U., & Mohan, D. (2015). Heavy metals [chromium (VI) and lead (II)] removal from water using mesoporous magnetite (Fe 3 O 4) nanospheres. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 442, 120–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lasheen, M., El-Sherif, I. Y., Tawfik, M. E., El-Wakeel, S., & El-Shahat, M. (2016). Preparation and adsorption properties of nano magnetite chitosan films for heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Materials Research Bulletin, 80, 344–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Le Bot, B., Lucas, J.-P., Lacroix, F., & Glorennec, P. (2016). Exposure of children to metals via tap water ingestion at home: contamination and exposure data from a nationwide survey in France. Environment International, 94, 500–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lingyan Wang, L. W., Luo, J., Fan, Q., Suzuki, M., Suzuki, I. S., Engelhard, M. H., et al. (2005). Monodispersed core−shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109(46), 21593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Liu, Y., Chen, M., & Yongmei, H. (2013). Study on the adsorption of Cu (II) by EDTA functionalized Fe 3 O 4 magnetic nano-particles. Chemical Engineering Journal, 218, 46–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liu, Y., Chi, Y., Shan, S., Yin, J., Luo, J., & Zhong, C. J. (2014). Characterization of magnetic NiFe nanoparticles with controlled bimetallic composition. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 587(7), 260–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu, Y., Fu, R., Sun, Y., Zhou, X., Baig, S. A., & Xu, X. (2016). Multifunctional nanocomposites Fe 3 O 4@ SiO 2-EDTA for Pb (II) and Cu (II) removal from aqueous solutions. Applied Surface Science, 369, 267–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu, Y., & Shen, X. (2017). Synthesis and application of surface-modified NiFe nanoparticles as a new magnetic nano adsorbent for the removal of nickel ion from aqueous solution. Water Science and Technology, 76(9-10), 2851–2857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liu, Y., Yan, J., Yuan, D., Li, Q., & Wu, X. (2013). The study of lead removal from aqueous solution using an electrochemical method with a stainless steel net electrode coated with single wall carbon nanotubes. Chemical Engineering Journal, 218, 81–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. López-Maldonado, E., Oropeza-Guzman, M., Jurado-Baizaval, J., & Ochoa-Terán, A. (2014). Coagulation–flocculation mechanisms in wastewater treatment plants through zeta potential measurements. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 279, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mahapatra, A., Mishra, B., & Hota, G. (2013). Electrospun Fe 2 O 3–Al 2 O 3 nanocomposite fibers as efficient adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 258, 116–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mahmoud, M. E., Amira, M. F., Zaghloul, A. A., & Ibrahim, G. A. (2016). Microwave-enforced sorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions on the surface of magnetic iron oxide-functionalized-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. Chemical Engineering Journal, 293, 200–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Markeb, A. A., Alonso, A., Sánchez, A., & Font, X. (2017). Adsorption process of fluoride from drinking water with magnetic core-shell Ce-Ti@ Fe 3 O 4 and Ce-Ti oxide nanoparticles. Science of the Total Environment, 598, 949–958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Naseem, R., & Tahir, S. S. (2001). Removal of Pb (ii) from aqueous/acidic solutions by using bentonite as an adsorbent. Water Research, 35(16), 3982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nezamzadeh-Ejhieh, A., & Kabiri-Samani, M. (2013). Effective removal of Ni (II) from aqueous solutions by modification of nano particles of clinoptilolite with dimethylglyoxime. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 260, 339–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oguz, E., & Keskinler, B. (2005). Determination of adsorption capacity and thermodynamic parameters of the PAC used for bomaplex red CRL dye removal. Colloids and Surfaces A Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 268(1), 124–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Peng, X., Wang, Y., Tang, X., & Liu, W. (2011). Functionalized magnetic core–shell Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 nanoparticles as selectivity-enhanced chemosensor for Hg (II). Dyes and Pigments, 91(1), 26–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rincón, G. J., & La Motta, E. J. (2014). Simultaneous removal of oil and grease, and heavy metals from artificial bilge water using electro-coagulation/flotation. Journal of Environmental Management, 144, 42–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sadeghi, S., Azhdari, H., Arabi, H., & Moghaddam, A. Z. (2012). Surface modified magnetic Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles as a selective sorbent for solid phase extraction of uranyl ions from water samples. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 215, 208–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shaidan, N. H., Eldemerdash, U., & Awad, S. (2012). Removal of Ni (II) ions from aqueous solutions using fixed-bed ion exchange column technique. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 43(1), 40–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tan, Y., Chen, M., & Hao, Y. (2012). High efficient removal of Pb (II) by amino-functionalized Fe 3 O 4 magnetic nano-particles. Chemical Engineering Journal, 191, 104–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Uluturhan, E., & Kucuksezgin, F. (2007). Heavy metal contaminants in Red Pandora (Pagellus erythrinus) tissues from the eastern Aegean Sea, Turkey. Water Research, 41(6), 1185–1192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang, H., Yuan, X., Wu, Y., Chen, X., Leng, L., Wang, H., et al. (2015). Facile synthesis of polypyrrole decorated reduced graphene oxide–Fe 3 O 4 magnetic composites and its application for the Cr (VI) removal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 262, 597–606.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wang, Y., Zhang, W., Luo, C., Wu, X., Wang, Q., Chen, W., et al. (2016). Synthesis, characterization and enhanced electromagnetic properties of NiFe 2 O 4@ SiO 2-decorated reduced graphene oxide nanosheets. Ceramics International, 42(15), 17374–17381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang, F., Zhang, L., Wang, Y., Liu, X., Rohani, S., & Lu, J. (2017). Fe3O4@SiO2@CS-TETA functionalized graphene oxide for the adsorption of methylene blue (MB) and Cu (II). Applied Surface Science, 420, 970–981.Google Scholar
  41. Wang, J., Zheng, S., Shao, Y., Liu, J., Xu, Z., & Zhu, D. (2010). Amino-functionalized Fe(3)O(4)@SiO(2) core-shell magnetic nanomaterial as a novel adsorbent for aqueous heavy metals removal. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 349(1), 293–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yang, W., Ding, P., Zhou, L., Yu, J., Chen, X., & Jiao, F. (2013). Preparation of diamine modified mesoporous silica on multi-walled carbon nanotubes for the adsorption of heavy metals in aqueous solution. Applied Surface Science, 282(5), 38–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Zhang, S., Zhang, Y., Liu, J., Xu, Q., Xiao, H., Wang, X., et al. (2013). Thiol modified Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 as a robust, high effective, and recycling magnetic sorbent for mercury removal. Chemical Engineering Journal, 226(24), 30–38.Google Scholar
  44. Zhao, Y., Li, J., Zhao, L., Zhang, S., Huang, Y., Wu, X., et al. (2014). Synthesis of amidoxime-functionalized Fe 3 O 4@ SiO 2 core–shell magnetic microspheres for highly efficient sorption of U (VI). Chemical Engineering Journal, 235, 275–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Zhuang, P., McBride, M. B., Xia, H., Li, N., & Li, Z. (2009). Health risk from heavy metals via consumption of food crops in the vicinity of Dabaoshan mine, South China. Science of the Total Environment, 407(5), 1551–1561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangChina
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryState University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA

Personalised recommendations