Sorption of Uranium on a Bifunctional Polymer of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Cross-Linked β-Cyclodextrin in the Presence of Humic Acid: Kinetics, Isotherms, and Thermodynamics

Abstract

Humic acid (HA) plays an important role in the migration and transformation of uranium in natural waters. To effectively remove uranium in the presence of HA, a bifunctional polymer, diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid cross-linked β-cyclodextrin (DTPA-β-CD), was synthesized by polycondensation reaction. The sorption performance of DTPA-β-CD in functions of pH, ionic strength, contact time, initial time, and temperature were explored batch wise. Experimental results showed that DTPA-β-CD could concurrently sorb uranium and HA around pH of 3.0. The sorption strongly depended on pH and on ionic strength, demonstrating outer-sphere surface complex in nature. Two sorption kinetics well followed pseudo-second-order model. Sorption isotherm accorded with Sips model. Increasing temperature facilitated uranium and restrained HA sorption. This work demonstrated that DTPA-β-CD was a promising material for sorbing uranium in the presence of HA.

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Funding

The present work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11605027, 11705060, 41361088), the Project of the Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education (No. GJJ150560), and the Open Fund Project of State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Resources and Environment of East China Institute of Technology (NRE1512, NRE1410).

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Correspondence to Qinqin Tao.

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Dai, Y., Lv, R., Huang, D. et al. Sorption of Uranium on a Bifunctional Polymer of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Cross-Linked β-Cyclodextrin in the Presence of Humic Acid: Kinetics, Isotherms, and Thermodynamics. Water Air Soil Pollut 229, 124 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-018-3771-8

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Keywords

  • Sorption
  • Uranyl
  • Humic acid
  • Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid
  • β-Cyclodextrin