Ultrafiltration of Aqueous PVA Using Spinning Basket Membrane Module

  • Kulbhushan Samal
  • Kuntal Maiti
  • Kaustubha Mohanty
  • Chandan Das


The performance of spinning basket membrane (SBM) module was tested for the separation of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) from wastewater. The SBM performance was examined using 50 kDa polyethersulfone ultrafiltration membrane under different parametric conditions. Also, the effects of rotational speed and transmembrane pressure on permeate flux and PVA rejection were investigated. The rotational speed played a significant role in decreasing membrane fouling by reducing the particle deposition on the membrane surface due to enhanced turbulence and shear force. Also, the in-built hydrodynamic cleaning facility of the SBM module allowed easy cleaning of the membrane. The steady-state value of percentage rejection of PVA was above 90% when the steady-state permeate flux value was above 54% of its initial value. The results suggested that spinning basket membrane module was efficient as well as economical for the separation of PVA from aqueous solution.


Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) Spinning basket membrane module Ultrafiltration Wastewater treatment 


Greek Symbol


Osmotic pressure.




Rotational speed.



Transmembrane pressure difference.


Concentration in g L−1.


Initial PVA concentration in mg L−1.


PVA concentration at permeate side in mg L−1.


Permeate flux.


Universal gas constant.


Resistance of gel layer.


Resistance of membrane.


Temperature in K.


Time in min.


Volume of the solution in L.



Biological oxygen demand


Chemical oxygen demand


Dielectric barrier discharge


Dynamic shear enhanced


Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid




Polyvinyl alcohol


Spinning basket membrane


Transmembrane pressure


Vibratory shear enhanced process



Authors acknowledge the analytical facilities provided by Central Instruments Facility (CIF), IIT Guwahati.

Supplementary material

11270_2018_3755_MOESM1_ESM.docx (216 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 216 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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