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The Fate of 15N Tracer in Waterlogged Peat Cores from Two Central European Bogs with Different N Pollution History

  • Martin Novak
  • Marketa Stepanova
  • Frantisek Buzek
  • Ivana Jackova
  • Jan Curik
  • Frantisek Veselovsky
  • Eva Prechova
  • Elena Antalova
  • Jarmila Brychnacova
  • Ivana Bufkova
  • Arnost Komarek
Article

Abstract

Under low nitrogen (N) input into rain-fed peat bogs, Sphagnum moss efficiently filters incoming N, preventing invasion of vascular plants and peat oxygenation. Elevated atmospheric N deposition, in combination with climatic warming, may cause retreat of bryophytes and degradation of peat deposits. There are concerns that higher emissions of greenhouse gases, accompanying peat thinning, will accelerate global warming. Breakthrough of deposited N below living moss has been quantified for two Central European peat bogs dominated by Sphagnum magellanicum. In the 1990s, the northern site, ZL, received three times more atmospheric N (> 40 kg ha−1 year−1) than the southern site, BS. Today, atmospheric N inputs at both sites are comparable (15 and 11 kg ha−1 year−1, respectively). Replicated peat cores were collected from the wet central segments of both study sites, 15N-NO3 tracer was applied on the moss surface, and the peat cores were incubated under water-logged conditions. After 40 weeks, the rate of downcore leaching of the 15N tracer was assessed. The recent history of high N pollution at ZL did not accelerate 15N penetration into deeper peat layers, relative to BS. At both sites, less than 3% of the 15N tracer reached the shallow depth of 9 cm. Analysis of control peat cores, along with a 210Pb chronology, revealed removal of the “excess” N from the ZL peat profiles prior to sampling. Following a decrease of atmospheric N pollution in the past two decades, efficient filtering of atmospheric N by Sphagnum at ZL has been renewed.

Keywords

Nitrogen Pollution Sphagnum Peat bog Atmospheric deposition 15N tracer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. Andrea Kucerova of the Botanical Institute of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Trebon, for a consultation on phosphorus cycling.

Funding Information

This work was funded by the Czech Science Foundation, Project No. 16-18079S to MN.

Supplementary material

11270_2018_3731_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 19 kb)
11270_2018_3731_MOESM2_ESM.docx (14 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 13 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Novak
    • 1
  • Marketa Stepanova
    • 1
  • Frantisek Buzek
    • 1
  • Ivana Jackova
    • 1
  • Jan Curik
    • 1
  • Frantisek Veselovsky
    • 1
  • Eva Prechova
    • 1
  • Elena Antalova
    • 2
  • Jarmila Brychnacova
    • 2
  • Ivana Bufkova
    • 3
  • Arnost Komarek
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Geochemistry and BiogeochemistryCzech Geological SurveyPrague 5Czech Republic
  2. 2.Accredited Laboratories, Czech Geological SurveyPrague 5Czech Republic
  3. 3.Sumava National Park AdministrationVimperkCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Probability and Mathematical Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsPrague 8Czech Republic

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