Skip to main content
Log in

Equilibrium, Kinetic and Optimization Studies for the Adsorption of Tartrazine in Water onto Activated Carbon from Pecan Nut Shells

  • Published:
Water, Air, & Soil Pollution Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

A series of experimental studies has been carried out using a novel, sustainable adsorbent to remove Tartrazine dye, namely, a steam activated carbon obtained from pecan nut shells. The dye also known as acid yellow 23 has been used in the food industry but is now classified as a carcinogen. The experimental equilibrium data has been used to test four equilibrium isotherm models and then the best fitting model was optimised to minimise the mass of adsorbent used to save costs in industrial applications using a two-stage batch adsorption system. The experimental contact time data has also been modelled and the best fit model has been used to optimise/minimise the contact time for a range of process conditions.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Abbasi, M., & Habibi, M. M. (2016). Optimization and characterization of direct blue 71 removal using nanocomposite of chitosan-MWCNTs: central composite design modeling. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 62, 112–121.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ahmad, M. A., & Ahmad, N. (2014). Adsorptive removal of malachite green dye using durian seed-based activated carbon. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225, 2057–2065.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Allen, S. J., Gan, Q., Matthews, R., Johnson, P. A., & McKay, G. (2004). Optimisation of isotherm analysis for basic dye adsorption by kudzu. Adsorption, 10(2004), 1423–1429.

    Google Scholar 

  • Banat, F., Al-Asheh, S., & Al-Makhadmeh, L. (2003). Evaluation of the use of raw and activated date pits as potential adsorbents for dye containing waters. Process Biochemistry, 39, 193–202.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cha, S.-H., Son, J.-H., Jamal, Y., Zafar, M., & Park, H.-S. (2016). Characterization of polyhydroxyalkanoates extracted from wastewater sludge under different environmental conditions. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 112, 1–12.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chan, L. S., Cheung, W. H., Allen, S. J., & McKay, G. (2009). Separation of acid-dyes mixture by bamboo derived active carbon. Separation and Purification Technology, 67, 166–172.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Chen, B., Hui, C. W., & McKay, G. (2001). Pore-surface diffusion modelling for dyes from effluents on pith. Langmuir, 17, 740–748.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cho, D.-W., Jeon, B.-H., Chon, C.-M., Schwartz, F. W., Jeong, Y., & Song, H. (2015). Magnetic chitosan composite for adsorption of cationic and anionic dyes in aqueous solution. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 28, 60–66.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dawood, S., Sen, T. K., & Phan, C. (2013). Synthesis and characterisation of novel activated carbon from waste biomass and its application in the removal of Congo red dye from aqueous solution by adsorption. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225, 1818–1827.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ding, Z., Wan, Y., Hu, X., Wang, S., Zimmerman, A. R., & Gao, B. (2016). Sorption of lead and methylene blue onto hickory biochars from different pyrolysis temperatures: importance of physicochemical properties. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 37, 261–267.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fauzia, S., Furqani, F., Zein, R., & Munaf, E. (2015). Adsorption and reaction kinetics of tartrazine by using Annona muricata L seeds. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 7(1), 573–582.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Freundlich, H. M. F. (1906). Over the adsorption in solution. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 57, 385–470.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Habila, M. A., Alothman, Z. A., Al-Tamrah, S. A., Ghafar, A. A., & Soylak, M. (2015). Activated carbon from waste as an efficient adsorbent for malathion for detection and removal purposes. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 32, 336–344.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hadi, M., Samarghandi, M. R., & McKay, G. (2011). Simplified fixed bed design models for the adsorption of acid dyes on novel pine cone derived activated carbon. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 218, 197–212.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Heibati, B., Rodriguez-Couto, S., Amrane, A., Rafatullah, M., Hawari, A., & Al-Ghouti, M. A. (2014). Uptake of reactive black 5 by pumice and walnut activated carbon: chemistry and adsorption mechanisms. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 20, 2939–2947.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ho, Y. S., & McKay, G. (1999a). Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochemistry, 34, 451–465.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ho, Y. S., & McKay, G. (1999b). A kinetic study of dye sorption by biosorbent waste product pith. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 25, 171–193.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ho, Y. S., Ng, J. C. Y., & McKay, G. (2000). Kinetics of pollutant sorption by biosorbents: review. Separation and Purification Methods, 29, 189–232.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ho, Y. S., Porter, J. F., & McKay, G. (2002). Equilibrium isotherm studies for the sorption of divalent metal ions onto peat: copper, nickel and lead single component systems. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 141, 1–33.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ip, A. W. M., Barford, J. P., & McKay, G. (2010). A comparative study on the kinetics and mechanisms of removal of reactive black 5 by adsorption onto activated carbons and bone char. Chemical Engineering Journal, 157, 434–442.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Karaca, S., Gurses, A., & Bayrak, R. (2004). Effect of some pretreatments on the adsorption of methylene blue by Balkaya lignite. Energy Conversion and Management, 45, 1693–1704.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lagergren, S. (1898). Zur Theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloster stoffe. Kungliga Sevens. Vetens. Handlingar, 24(1), 39–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • Langmuir, I. (1908). The adsorption of cases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 40, 1362–1368.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lemlikchi, W., Drouiche, N., Belaicha, N., Oubagha, N., Baaziz, B., & Mecherri, M. O. (2015). Kinetic study of the adsorption of textile dyes on synthetic hydroxyapatite in aqueous solution. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 32, 233–237.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McKay, G. (1995) Use of adsorbents for the removal of pollutants from wastewater. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

  • McKay, G. (1998). Application of surface diffusion model to the adsorption of dyes on bagasse pith. Adsorption, 4, 361–372.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McKay, G., & Ho, Y. S. (1999). The sorption of lead (II) ions on peat. Water Research, 33, 578–584.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McKay, G., El-Geundi, M., & Nassar, M. M. (1987). Equilibrium studies during the removal of dyestuffs from aqueous solutions using bagasse pith. Water Research, 21, 1513–1520.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • McKay, G., El Geundi, M., & Nassar, M. M. (1997). Adsorption model for the removal of acid dyes from effluent by bagasse pith. Adsorption Science and Technology, 15, 753–776.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McKay, G., Porter, J. F., & Prasad, G. R. (1999). The removal of dye colours from aqueous solutions by adsorption on low-cost materials. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 114, 423–438.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mui, E. L. K., Cheung, W. H., Valix, M., & McKay, G. (2010a). Dye adsorption onto char from bamboo. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 177(1–3), 1001–1005.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mui, E. L. K., Cheung, W. H., Valix, M., & McKay, G. (2010b). Activated carbons from bamboo scaffolding using acid activation. Separation and Purification Technology, 74, 213–218.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nadeem, M., Tan, I. B., Haq, M. R. U., Shahid, S. A., Shah, S. S., & McKay, G. (2006). Sorption of lead from aqueous solution by chickpea leaves, stems and fruit peelings. Adsorption Science and Technology, 24, 269–282.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (2015). Tartrazine. Bethesda: PubChem Substance.

  • Pereira, M. F. R., Soares, S. F., Orfao, J. J. M., & Figueiredo, J. L. (2003). Adsorption of dyes on activated carbons: influence of surface chemical groups. Carbon, 41, 811–821.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Poots, V. J. P., McKay, G., & Healy, J. J. (1976). The removal of acid dye from effluent using naturally occurring adsorbents. II. Wood. Water Research, 10, 1067–1076.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pezoti, O., Cazetta, A.L., Souza, I.P.A.F., Bedin, K.C., Martins, A.C., Silva, T.L., & Almeida, V.C. (2014) Adsorption studies of methylene blue onto ZnCl2-activated carbon produced from buriti shells (Mauritia flexuosa L.) Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 20(6), 4401–4407.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Redlich, O., & Peterson, D. L. (1959). A useful adsorption isotherm. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 63, 1024–1032.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, T., McMullan, G., Marchant, R., & Nigam, P. (2001). Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative. Bioresource Technology, 77, 247–255.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, T., Chandran, B., & Nigam, P. (2002). Removal of dyes from an artificial textile dye effluent by two agricultural waste residues, corncob and barley husk. Environment International, 28, 29–33.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rozada, F., Calvo, L. F., Garcia, A. I., Martin-Villacorta, J., & Otero, M. (2003). Dye adsorption by sewage sludge-based activated carbons in batch and fixed-bed systems. Bioresource Technology, 87, 221–230.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saime, W., Ngah, W., Farhana, N., & Ariff, M. (2010). Preparation, characterization, and environmental application of crosslinked chitosan-coated bentonite for tartrazine adsorption from aqueous solutions. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 206, 225–236.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sen, T. K., Afroze, S., & Ang, H. M. (2011). Equilibrium, kinetics and mechanism of removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by adsorption onto pine cone biomass of Pinus radiata. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 218, 499–515.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Sips, R. (1948). Combined form of Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 16, 490–495.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Torres-Pérez, O. J., Soria-Serna, L. A., Solache-Ríos, M., & McKay, G. (2015). One step carbonization/activation process for carbonaceous material preparation from pecan shells for tartrazine removal and regeneration after saturation. Adsorption Science and Technology, 83(10), 895–913.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Valix, M., Cheung, W. H., & McKay, G. (2004). Preparation of activated carbon using low temperature carbonisation and physical activation of high ash raw bagasse for acid dye adsorption. Chemosphere, 56, 593–501.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Venkata, M. S., Chandrasekhar, R. N., & Karthikeyan, J. (2002). Adsorptive removal of direct azo dye from aqueous phase onto coal based sorbents: a kinetic and mechanistic study. Journal of Hazardous Materials B, 90, 189–204.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang, Z. X., Barford, J. P., Hui, C. W., & McKay, G. (2015). Kinetic and equilibrium studies of hydrophilic and hydrophobic rice husk cellulose fibers used as oil spill sorbents. Chemical Engineering Journal, 281, 961–969.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gordon McKay.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Torres-Pérez, J., Huang, Y., Hadi, P. et al. Equilibrium, Kinetic and Optimization Studies for the Adsorption of Tartrazine in Water onto Activated Carbon from Pecan Nut Shells. Water Air Soil Pollut 229, 73 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3680-2

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3680-2

Keywords

Navigation