Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: Adverse Effects of Bisphenol A and Parabens to Women’s Health

  • Jabou Jagne
  • Dominique White
  • Felicia JeffersonEmail author


Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have the ability to inhibit normal hormonal levels and may exert an array of inimical consequences in human health. These toxins have special adverse effects in women. This review summarizes recent literature reporting on endocrine-disrupting chemicals, specifically the effects induced by parabens from personal care products and cosmetics, and bisphenol A (BPA) found in food containers, with association to adverse effects on women’s health. Finally, the review provides recommendation on utilizing such EDCs to better meet the needs of consumers, while avoiding these chemical modifiers.


Bisphenol A (BPA) Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) Environmental biology Paraben Toxicology Women 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jabou Jagne
    • 1
  • Dominique White
    • 1
  • Felicia Jefferson
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Environmental Sciences and Studies Program, Department of Biology Division of Natural Sciences and MathematicsSpelman CollegeAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biology, College of Arts and SciencesFort Valley State UniversityFort ValleyUSA

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