Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 223, Issue 7, pp 3611–3618 | Cite as

Seasonal Variation in Heat Fluxes, Predicted Emissions of Malodorants, and Wastewater Quality of an Anaerobic Swine Waste Lagoon

  • John H. Loughrin
  • Arturo I. Quintanar
  • Kim L. Cook
  • Nanh C. Lovanh
  • Rezaul Mahmood
  • Evi Becerra-Acosta


The concentrations of p-cresol above a wastewater lagoon were modeled from February through June based on equations developed in a previous study. Using this model, in which p-cresol concentrations were calculated based on lagoon evaporation and net available radiation at the lagoon surface, predicted p-cresol concentrations were highest during the months of March and April and declined to very low levels thereafter. This was in accordance with observed emission patterns in the previous study. In the same period during which predicted emissions increased, wastewater concentrations of malodorants decreased. While other indicators of wastewater quality such as ammonium and chemical oxygen demand (COD) also decreased in concentration, the magnitude of their improvement was not as high as for the malodorants. There were no pronounced differences in bacterial populations between the cool and warm seasons based on molecular quantification of genes targeting total cells, Bacteroides, Clostridia, and methanogens. While the improvement in the concentrations of wastewater malodorants may be due to catabolism by lagoon bacteria, our findings indicate that evaporative losses that occurred as the lagoon warmed may also play a strong role.


p-Cresol Emissions Evaporation Heat flux Lagoon Malodor Wastewater 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. (outside the USA) 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Loughrin
    • 1
  • Arturo I. Quintanar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kim L. Cook
    • 1
  • Nanh C. Lovanh
    • 1
  • Rezaul Mahmood
    • 2
    • 4
  • Evi Becerra-Acosta
    • 5
  1. 1.United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Animal Waste Management Research UnitBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geography and GeologyWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  3. 3.Centro de Ciencias de la AtmosferaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad UniversitariaMéxicoMexico
  4. 4.Kentucky Climate CenterWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  5. 5.Secretaria del Medio Ambiente del Distrito FederalDireccion de Monitoreo AtmosfericoMexicoMexico

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