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Comparative Kinetic Study of Carrier Type in a Moving Bed System Applied to Organic Matter Removal in Urban Wastewater Treatment

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Abstract

In recent years, moving bed systems have been shown as an efficient technology in wastewater treatment and particularly in the treatment of urban effluents. This paper presents the results obtained for three different carriers in organic matter removal, analysing the influence of hydraulic retention time (HRT) and the filling ratio, as well as the kinetic constants of each carrier used. During the research, differences in the organic matter removal were observed under different conditions studied as a result of physical and geometrical characteristics of each carrier and their hydraulic behaviour. Two of the three carriers studied in this research had similar yields compared to the third carrier that presented lower rates of organic matter removal and lower kinetic constants than the other two. Carriers 1 and 2 obtained removal rates of organic matter in the form of soluble chemical oxygen demand (sCOD) above 50% for intermediate and higher filling ratios with HRTs of 15, 10 and 15 h, respectively. The maximum values obtained for carrier 1, 2 and 3 were 56.97%, 58.92% and 46.13%, respectively, under 15 h of HRT and 50% of filling ratio. The kinetic constants obtained by respirometry showed a similar trend to the values obtained from sCOD removal.

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Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (MCyT) under project reference CTM2009-11929-C02-01 and by University of Granada by a personal grant to J. Martín-Pascual. This research was also made possible thanks to the participation of the following companies: EMASAGRA, ESAMUR ECOHIDRO and CYCLUS.

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Correspondence to J. M. Poyatos.

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Martín-Pascual, J., López-López, C., Cerdá, A. et al. Comparative Kinetic Study of Carrier Type in a Moving Bed System Applied to Organic Matter Removal in Urban Wastewater Treatment. Water Air Soil Pollut 223, 1699–1712 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-011-0976-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-011-0976-5

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