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Ozone Concentrations and Ozone-Induced Symptoms On Coastal and Alpine Mediterranean Pines in Southern France

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Abstract

Ozone effects on Mediterranean forests were studied for 10 years in southern France. The aim of these studies was to understand the impact of the pollutant on foliar damage among Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill) and Arolla pine (Pinus cembra L) populations. During the summers of 2001 and 2002, ozone concentrations were measured using UV absorption analysers (4) and passive samplers (29) at two forest monitoring sites: Site 1 in the Nice coastal area for Aleppo pine and Site 2 in the Mercantour mountains for Arolla pine, in the vicinity of tree observation sites. AOT 40 values were quite high (25–33 ppm.h), especially in the Mercantour mountains, for the 5 months of measurement. Foliar damage (defoliation and discoloration) and specific symptoms (chlorotic mottle) were observed on 8 Aleppo pine and 13 Arolla pine plots. For Arolla pines, there was a significant correlation between defoliation and chlorotic mottles. There was also a correlation between mean ozone concentrations measured by passive samplers and chlorotic mottles. These correlations were less significant for Aleppo pine.

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Correspondence to Laurence Dalstein.

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Dalstein, L., Vas, N. Ozone Concentrations and Ozone-Induced Symptoms On Coastal and Alpine Mediterranean Pines in Southern France. Water Air Soil Pollut 160, 181–195 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-4144-7

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