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Table 1 The total number of initiatives per adaptation type and the percentage of the total found adaptation initiatives for the three time periods

From: Measuring Progress on Climate Change Adaptation Policy by Dutch Water Boards

Recognition 2005-2010 2010-2015 2016-2021
Adaptation types
 Impacts and vulnerabilities 71 (83.5%) 160 (78.4%) 133 (71.5%)
 Need to act later 10 (11.8%) 24 (11.8%) 35 (18.8%)
 Need to act now 4 (4.7%) 20 (9.8%) 18 (9.7%)
Groundwork
 Adaptation research 8 (7.8%) 22 (10.8%) 37 (13.6%)
 Development of conceptual tools 52 (50.5%) 73 (35.8%) 111 (40.8%)
 Impact and vulnerability assessments 15 (14.6%) 42 (20.6%) 40 (14.8%)
 Provision of policy recommendations 28 (27.2%) 67 (32.8%) 84 (30.9%)
Adaptation action
 Financial support for autonomous adaptation 6 (17.6%) 4 (6.8%) 2 (2.0%)
 Infrastructure and technology 21 (61.8%) 39 (66.1%) 52 (52.0%)
 Organizational development 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.7%) 2 (2.0%)
 Public awareness and outreach 1 (2.9%) 5 (8.5%) 31 (31.0%)
 Regulation 4 (11.8%) 6 (10.2%) 3 (3.0%)
 Surveillance and monitoring 2 (5.9%) 4 (6.8%) 10 (10.0%)
Total number of initiatives 222 (17.8%) 467 (37.4%) 558 (44.7%)