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Water Resources Management

, Volume 30, Issue 12, pp 4399–4413 | Cite as

Wavelet Spectrum and Self-Organizing Maps-Based Approach for Hydrologic Regionalization -a Case Study in the Western United States

  • A. Agarwal
  • R. MaheswaranEmail author
  • J Kurths
  • R. Khosa
Article

Abstract

Hydrologic regionalization deals with the investigation of homogeneity in watersheds and provides a classification of watersheds for regional analysis. The classification thus obtained can be used as a basis for mapping data from gauged to ungauged sites and can improve extreme event prediction. This paper proposes a wavelet power spectrum (WPS) coupled with the self-organizing map method for clustering hydrologic catchments. The application of this technique is implemented for gauged catchments. As a test case study, monthly streamflow records observed at 117 selected catchments throughout the western United States from 1951 through 2002. Further, based on WPS of each station, catchments are classified into homogeneous clusters, which provides a representative WPS pattern for the streamflow stations in each cluster.

Keywords

Wavelet power spectrum Regionalization Ungauged catchments K-means technique Self-organizing map 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) (GRK 2043/1) within the graduate research training group “Natural risk in a changing world (NatRiskChange) at the University of Potsdam and the Department of Science and Technology, India, through the INSPIRE Faculty Fellowship held by MaheswaranRathinasamy.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Agarwal
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • R. Maheswaran
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • J Kurths
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Khosa
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Earth and Environmental ScienceUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Postdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, ResearchPotsdamGermany
  3. 3.Water Resource EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyDelhiIndia
  4. 4.MVGR College of EngineeringVizianagaramIndia
  5. 5.Saint Anthony Falls LaboratoryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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