Assessment of the Impact of Municipal Solid Waste on Groundwater Quality near the Sangamner City using GIS Approach

Abstract

The present work aims at assessing the impact of MSW on the groundwater quality around dumping yard site, located near the Sangamner city by water quality index (WQI) and its integration in geographical information system (GIS). Groundwater samples (n = 15) around the dumping yard were collected using Garmin GPS device in October 2013 and October 2014. Physico-chemical analysis of same samples was carried out for pH, EC, TDS, Na+, K+,Ca2+, Mg2+, TH, Cl, HCO3 , SO4 2− and NO3 along with the heavy metals like Fe, Zn, Cd and Cr by using standard methods. Similarly, SAR, KRs, RSC and SSP were also calculated to know the groundwater quality into irrigation perspective. WQI for 15 samples were calculated using physico-chemical results/data of 12 parameters and its desirable limit of BIS standard. Generated WQI (z) for October 2013 and October 2014 were integrated with latitude (y) and longitude (x) values, collected using GPS during the field work. Integrated xyz data were then interpolated in Surfer-10 GIS software using inverse distance weight (IDW) method to estimate the groundwater quality of the study area. Study revealed that the groundwater quality around the dumping yard area does not confirm to drinking and domestic purposes as per the WQI and BIS standard. However, the groundwater quality is marginally suitable for irrigation as per SAR, KRs, RSC and SSP. The influence of leachate from MSW dumping site to surrounding groundwater is creating a serious concern and susceptible to potential health hazards. Thus, continuous monitoring of groundwater is desperately required in order to minimize the groundwater pollution for control the pollution-caused MSW.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank to Post-Graduate Research Centre in Chemistry and Post-Graduate Department of Geography, S. N. Arts, D. J. M. Commerce, B. N. S. Science College, Sangamner, for the support of necessary research facilities.

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Correspondence to Sainath P. Aher.

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Deshmukh, K.K., Aher, S.P. Assessment of the Impact of Municipal Solid Waste on Groundwater Quality near the Sangamner City using GIS Approach. Water Resour Manage 30, 2425–2443 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-016-1299-5

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Keywords

  • Municipal solid waste
  • Physico-chemical analysis
  • Water quality index
  • GIS
  • Groundwater quality