Water Resources Management

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1785–1802 | Cite as

Designing a Hydrological Real-Time System for Surface Water and Groundwater in Denmark with Engagement of Stakeholders

  • Xin HeEmail author
  • Simon Stisen
  • Marianne B. Wiese
  • Hans Jørgen Henriksen


Increasing attention on extreme hydrological events has created considerable demand for real-time information on surface water, groundwater and the unsaturated zone. In the present study, we describe how to convert a national water resources model (DK-model) covering the entire freshwater cycle in Denmark to real-time application. We have engaged stakeholders in the process of designing a hydrological real-time system. The participatory approach has been supported by a web-based questionnaire survey and a participatory workshop. A system prototype presented to the stakeholders simulates groundwater levels, streamflow and water content in the root zone with a lead time of 48 h. The active engagement of stakeholders has provided very valuable insights and feedbacks regarding how model and data should be combined in a real-time to best supporting water resources management.


Real-time modeling National hydrological model Integrated modeling Stakeholder engagement 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin He
    • 1
    Email author
  • Simon Stisen
    • 1
  • Marianne B. Wiese
    • 2
  • Hans Jørgen Henriksen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HydrologyGeological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS)CopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Geological Data CenterGeological Survey of Denmark and GreenlandCopenhagenDenmark

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