Skip to main content

Assessment of Trace Metals during Episodic Events using DGT Passive Sampler: A Proposal for Water Management Enhancement

Abstract

The potential of the Diffusive Gradient Thin-Films (DGT) as a supplemental method for water quality monitoring was employed has been tested through 3 sampling campaigns to measure the trace metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni and Zn) present in the surface water of a highly urbanized river. Specifically, the study done in the Pasig River (Philippines) seeks to: assess the applicability of DGT passive sampler in an urban context exhibiting highly contrasted hydrological conditions (greatly influenced by episodic events) and sediment disturbance (dredging) and provide proposal for a better water management. The results indicate that: (1) DGT is highly recommended as part of a routine analysis for water quality monitoring; (2) DGT are able to capture the fluxes even in very contrasted flow regimes; (3) DGT are suitable to trace the labile fluxes of metals from the lake to the estuary; and (4) at the confluence of the Marikina River water management should be intensified. Moreover, recommendations were made for developing pertinent water monitoring protocol and management scheme.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  • Aisopou A, Stoianov I, Graham NJD (2012) In-pipe water monitoring in water supply systems under steady and unsteady state flow conditions: A quantitative assessment. Water Res 46:235–246

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Akrami SA, El-Shafie A, Jaafar O (2013) Improving rainfall forecasting efficiency using modified adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (MANFIS). Water Resour Manage 27:3507–3523

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Alexa N, Zhang H, Lead JR (2009) Development of a miniaturized diffusive gradient in thin films (DGT) device. Anal Chim Acta Acta 655:80–85

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Alfaro-De la Torre MC, Beaulieu P-Y, Tessier A (2000) In-situ measurement of trace metals in lakewater using the dialysis and DGT techniques. Anal Chim Acta 418:53–68

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Allan IJ, Knutsson J, Guigues N, Mills GA, Fouillac AM, Greenwood R (2008) Chemcatcher (R) and DGT passive sampling devices or regulatory monitoring of trace metals in surface water. J of Environ Monitor 10:821–829

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Aung NN, Nakajima F, Furumai H (2008) Trace metal speciation during dry and wet weather flows in the Tama River, Japan, by using diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT). J of Environ Monitor 10:219–230

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Campbell PGC (1995) Interactions between trace metals and aquatic organisms: a critique of the free-ion activity model. In: Tessier A, Turner DR (eds) Metal speciation and bioavailability in aquatic systems. Wiley, Chichester, pp 45–102

    Google Scholar 

  • CCME (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment) (1996) Appendix XXII-Canadian water quality guidelines: Updates (December 1996), interim marine and estuarine water quality guidelines, Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers. 1987. Prepared by the Task Force on Water Quality Guidelines.

  • Cruz RT (1997) Case Study 111-The Pasig River, Philippines. Water pollution control-A guide to the use of water quality management principles WHO/UNEP ISBN 0 419 22910 8

  • Diamond JM, Winchester EL, Mackler DG, Rasnake WJ, Fanelli JK, Gruber D (1992) Toxicity of cobalt to freshwater indicator species as a function of water hardness. Aquat Toxicol 22(3):163–179. doi:10.1016/0166-445X(92)90038-O

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Docekalova H, Divis P (2005) Application of diffusive gradient in thin films technique (DGT) to measurement of mercury in aquatic systems. Talanta 65:1174–1178

    Google Scholar 

  • Eggleton J, Thomas K (2004) A review of factors affecting the release and bioavailability of contaminants during sediment disturbance events. Environ Int 30:973–980

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gay D, Maher W (2003) Natural variation of copper, zinc, cadmium and selenium concentrations in Bembicium nanum and their potential use as a biomonitor of trace metals. Water Res 37:2173–2185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gibbs RJ (1973) Mechanisms of trace metal transport in rivers. Science 180:71–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Graveline N, Maton L, Luckge H, Rouillard J, Strosser P, Palkaniete K, Rinaudo J-D, Taverne D, Interwies E (2010) An operational perspective on potential uses and constraints of emerging tools for monitoring water quality. TrAC 29:5

    Google Scholar 

  • Han W, Moore AM, Levin J, Zhang B, Arango HG, Curchitser E, Di Lorenzo E, Gordon AL, Lin J (2009) Seasonal surface ocean circulation and dynamics in the Philippine Archipelago regions during 2004–2008. Dynam of Atmos Oceans 47:114–137

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Harger JRE (1995) ENSO variations and drought occurences in Indonesia and the Philippines. Atmos Environ29:16:1943-1995. 1352-2310(94)00362-9

  • Hartman J, Levy J, Okada N (2006) Managing surface water contamination in Nagoya, Japan: An integrated water basin management decision framework. Water Resour Manage 20:411–430

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hartnett M, Wilson JG, Nash S (2011) Irish estuaries: Water quality status and monitoring implications under water framework directive. Mar Policy 35:810–818

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • INAP (2002) Diffusive Gradient in Thin-Films (DGT). A Technique for Determining Bioavailable Metal Concentrations. http://www.inap.com.au/public_downloads/Research_Projects/Diffusive_Gradients_in_Thin-films.pdf. Accessed 28 June 2011.

  • Janssen CR, Heijerick DG, Schamphelaere D, Allen HE (2003) Environmental risk assessment of metals: tool for incorporating bioavailability. Environ Int 28:793–800

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Khalil B, Ouarda TBMJ, St-Hilaire A, Chebana A (2010) A statistical approach for the rationalization of water quality indicators in surface water quality monitoring networks. J of Hydrol 386:173–185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li W, Zhao H, Teasdale PR, Wang F (2005) Trace metal speciation measurements in waters by the liquid binding phase DGT device. Talanta 67(3):571–578

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lu Y, Wang Z, Huckins J (2002) Review of the background and application of triolein-containing semipermeable membrane devices in aquatic environmental study. Aquat Toxicol 20:139–153

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Masson M, Blanc G, Schafer J, Parlanti E, Le Coustumer P (2011) Copper addition by organic matter degradation in the freshwater reaches of a turbid estuary. Sci Total Environ 409:1539–1549

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Materum R (2010) Physicochemical and particulate characterization of selected urban-impacted aquatic systems in Manila (The Philippines) and Bordeaux (France). Rapport de Stage. FDEA. Université Bordeaux 1

  • Mazzei F, D’Alessandro A, Lucarelli F, Nava S, Prati P, Valli G, Vecchi R (2008) Characterization of particulate matter sources in an urban environment. Sci Total Environ 401:81–89

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Meyer JS (2002) The utility of the terms “bioavailability” and “bioavailable fractions” for metals. Mar Environ Res 53:417–423

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moreda-Piñeiro J, Moreda-Piñeiro A, Romaris-Hortas V, Dominguez-Gonzales R, Alonso-Rodriguez E, Lopez-Mahia P, Muniategui-Lorenzo S, Prada-Rodriguez D, Bermejo-Barrera P (2012) Trace metals in marine foodstuff: Bioavalibility estimation and effect of major food constituents. Food Chem 134:339–345

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Morillo J, Usero J (2008) Trace metal bioavailability in the waters of two different habitats in Spain: Huelva estuary and Algeciras Bay. Ecotox Environ Safe 71:851–859

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Munksgaard NC, Lottermoser BG (2010) Mobility and potential bioavailability of traffic-derived trace metals in a 'wet-dry' tropical region, Northern Australia. Environ Earth Sciences 60(7):1447–1458. doi:10.1007/s12665-099-0280-5

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Nalbantis I, Tsakiris G (2009) Assessment of hydrological droughts revisited. Water Resour Manage 23:881–897. doi:10.1007/s11269-008-9305-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ouyang Y (2005) Evaluation of river water quality monitoring stations by principal component analysis. Water Res 39:2621–2635

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pattke T, Oberli F, Audétat A, Guillong M, Simon A, Hanley J, Leonhard K (2012) Recent developments in element concentration and isotope ratio analysis of individual fluid inclusion by laser ablatio, single and multiple collector ICP-MS. Ore Geol Rev 44:10–38

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pérez AL, Anderson KA (2009) DGT estimates cadmium accumulation in wheat and potato from phosphate fertilizer applications. Sci Total Environ 407:5096–5103

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • PRRC (2009) Water quality status of Pasig River system. Unpublished report

  • Research DGT (2002) DGT-for measurements in water, soils and sediments. DGT Research Ltd, Lancaster

    Google Scholar 

  • Schintu M, Durante L, Maccioni A, Meloni P, Degetto S, Contu A (2008) Measurement of environmental trace-metal levels in Mediterranean coastal areas with transplanted mussels and DGT techniques. Mar Pollut Bull 57:832–837

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Severini MDF, Botte SE, Hoffmeyer MS, Marcovecchio JE (2009) Spatial and temporal distribution of cadmium and copper in water zooplankton in the Bahia Blanca estuary, Argentina. Estuar Coast Shelf S 85:57–66

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shafer M, Overdier J (1995) Analysis of surface water for Trace Metal Elements by ICP-MS. Revision 4. Water Chemistry Program. University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison WI 53706

  • Sherwood JE, Barnett D, Barnett NW, Dover K, Howitt J, Ii H, Kew P, Mondon J (2009) Deployment of DGT units in marine waters to assess the environmental risk from a deep sea tailings outfall. Anal Chim Acta 652:215–223

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sondergaard J, Bo E, Asmund G (2008) Metal speciation and bioavailability in acid mine drainage from a high Arctic mine waste rock pile: Temporal variations assessed through high-resolution water sampling, geochemical modelling and DGT. Cold Reg Sci Technol 54:89–96

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Strobl RO, Robillard PD (2008) Network design for water quality monitoring of surface freshwaters: A review. Environ Manage 87:639–648

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thévenot DR, Moilleron R, Lestel L, Gromaire MC, Rocher V, Cambier P, Bonté P, Colin JL, de Pontevés C, Meybeck M (2007) Critical budget of metal sources and pathways in the Seine River basin (1994–2003). The Sci Total Environ 375:180–203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsakiris G (1988) Aggregated runoff from small watersheds based on Stochastic representation of storm events. Water Resour Manage 2:77–86

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • USEPA. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria. http://water.epa.gov/scitech/swguidance/standards/current/index.cfm. Accessesed 24 April 2012

  • Van Den Berg GA, Meijers GGA, Van Der Heijdt LM, Zwolsman, JJG (2001) Dregding-related mobilisation of trace metals: A case study in the Netherlands. Wat Res 35:8: 1979–1986. PII:S0043-1354(00)00452-8

  • Vrana B, Mills AG, Allan IJ, Dominiak E, Svensson K, Knutsson J, Morrison G, Greenwood R (2005) Passive sampling techniques for monitoring pollutants in water. TrAC 24(10):845–868

    Google Scholar 

  • Vystavna Y, Huneau F, Motelica-Heino M, Le Coutumer P, Vergeles Y, Stolberg F (2012a) Monitoring and flux determination of trace metals in rivers of the Seversky Donets basin (Ukraine) using DGT passive samplers. Environ Earth Sci 65(6):1715–1725

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vystavna Y, Huneau F, Schafer J, Motelica-Heino M, Blanc G, Larrose A, Vergeles Y, Dyadin D, Le Coustumer P (2012b) Distribution of trace elements in waters and sediments of the Seversky Donets transboundary watershed (Kharkiv region, Eastern Ukraine). Appl Geochem 27:2077–2087

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wei GL, Yang ZF, Cui BS, Li B, Chen H, Bai JH, Dong SK (2009) Impact of Dam Construction on Water Quality and Water Self-Purification Capacity of the Lancang River, China. Water Resour Manag 23:1763–1780. doi:10.1007/S11269-008-9351-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wetzel RG (2001) Limnology. Lake and river ecosystem 3rd Edition. Elsevier. Academic Press, USA

    Google Scholar 

  • Winn PJS, Young RM, Edwards AMC (2003) Planning for the rising tides: the Humber Estuary Shoreline Management Plan. Sci Total Environ 314–316:13–30

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wu Y, Falconer R, Lin B (2005) Modelling trace metal concentrations distributions in estuarine waters. Estuar Coast Shelf S 64:699–709

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yapici T, Fasfous II, Murimboh J, Chakrabarti CL (2008) Investigation of DGT as a metal speciation technique for municipal wastes and aqueous mine effluents. Anal Chim Acta 622:70–76

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang H, Davison W (1995) Performance characteristics of diffusion gradients in thin films for the in-situ measurements of trace metals in aqueous solution. Anal Chem 67:3391–3400

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang H, Davison W (1999) Diffusional characteristics of hydrogels used in DGT and DET techniques. Anal Chim Acta 398:329–340

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zheng J, Takata H, Tagami K, Aono T, Fujita K, Uchida S (2012) Rapid determination of total iodine in Japanese coastal seawater using SF-ICP-MS. Microchem J 100:42–47

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zwolsman JJG, Van Eck BTM, Van der Weijden CH (1997) Geochemistry of dissolved trace metals (cadmium, copper, zinc) in the Scheldt estuary, southwestern Netherlands: Impact of seasonal variability. Geochim Cosmichim Acta 61(8):1635–1652

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

This research was funded by the Lyonnaise des Eaux Company, Bordeaux, France and was done with the help of the Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission (PRRC), LCDR Christopher Meniado of the Philippine Coast Guards (PCG) and his staff, the Department of Natural Resources and Environment-Environmental Management Bureau (DENR-EMB) and Dr. Gemma Narisma, Genie Lorenzo and James Simpas of the Manila Observatory. The authors are also grateful to the French Embassy in the Philippines for giving financial assistance for field mobility, the European Union ERASMUS MUNDUS External Cooperation Window (ECW) Lot 12/13 and the Programme Eiffel Doctorat (2012–2013) from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs for providing the academic grant.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to P. Le Coustumer.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Villanueva, J.D., Le Coustumer, P., Huneau, F. et al. Assessment of Trace Metals during Episodic Events using DGT Passive Sampler: A Proposal for Water Management Enhancement. Water Resour Manage 27, 4163–4181 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-013-0401-5

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-013-0401-5

Keywords

  • Trace metals
  • DGT
  • In-situ passive sampling
  • Surface water
  • Pasig River
  • Philippines