Participatory Optimization Scenario for Water Resources Management: A Case from Jordan
- 574 Downloads
Participatory optimization scenario process was developed for water resources management of the Zarqa River Basin in Jordan. The basin was selected to represent a case study of semi-arid area in the Mediterranean because of its entire range of prototypical water management problems. The nature of the institutional framework, the severity of the water related problems and concentration of population in the basin have required the need for stakeholders’ involvement in the optimization process. The paper demonstrates a Water Resources Model (WRM) consisting of integrated cascade of modules, embedded in a framework of a participatory approach in water resources optimization. The system includes baseline scenario, identification of constrains and instruments, the optimization scenario and analysis of results. In a participatory approach, stakeholders identified the optimization criteria (constraints) and the management interventions (instruments). Constraints were set to securing high supply/demand ratio of 0.98 and improving reliability of supply to 75 %, while specific eight instruments were suggested and manipulated by the model to achieve the above criteria. The results of the WRM optimization scenario showed that the specified constraints were met so that the supply/demand ratio increased from 0.90 to 0.996 and the reliability of supply improved from 58 % to 84 %. The benefit/cost ratio, water shortfall, and the economic efficiency had responded effectively. The model proved its efficiency in using the full featured basin characteristics towards baseline and optimization scenarios with the support of stakeholders in simulating the basin behavior over time using the model parameters.
KeywordsOptimization scenario Water resources models Stakeholders participation Water resources management Jordan River Basin
This paper is based on the results of OPTIMA project. The project was carried out with financial support from the European Commission under FP6 INCO-MED Program; contract INCO-CT-2004-509091.
- Chow VT, Maidment DR, Mays LW (1988) Applied hydrology, international edition. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Fedra K (2004a) Water resources management in the coastal zone: Issues of sustainability. In: Proceeding of the EWRA symposium, 1:23–38, Izmir, Turkey. http://www.ess.co.at/SMART/PUBLIC/IZMIR.pdf
- Fedra K (2004b) Coastal zone resource management: tools for a participatory planning and decision making process. In: Green DR et al (eds) Delivering sustainable coasts: connecting science and policy. Proceedings of Littoral 2004, September 2004, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK. Volume 1, 281–286 http://www.ess.co.at/SMART/PUBLIC/aberdeen.pdf
- Fedra K, Kubat M, Zuvela-Aloise M (2007) Water resources management: Economic valuation and participatory multi-criteria optimization. In: Proceedings of the second IASTED international conference on water resources management, August 2007, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA ISBN Hardcopy: 98-0-88986-679-9 CD: 978-0-88986-680-5 http://www.actapress.com/Content_Of_Proceeding.aspx?ProceedingID=449
- Fiering MB (1967) Stream flow synthesis. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
- GLOWA Global Change and the Hydrological Cycle (2007) Glowa Jordan River project. Available via DIALOG. http://www.glowa-jordan-river.de/Project/HomePage. Accessed 26 November 2012
- Hare MP, Barreteau O, Beck MB, Cogan V, Mostert E, Letcher R, Ridder D, Tabara JD (2006) Methods for stakeholder participation in water management. In: Giupponi C, Jakeman AJ, Karssenberg D, Hare MP (eds) Sustainable management of water resources: an integrated approach. Edward Elgar, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
- Pahl-Wostl C (2002) Participative and stakeholder-based policy design and modeling processes. Integr Assess 3(1):3–14, http://journals.sfu.ca/int_assess/index.php/iaj/article/view/200/151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shammout MW (2003) Land use options for surface water management in Zarqa river basin using modeling tools. Unpublished PhD thesis, The University of Jordan, Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
- Shatanawi M, Shammout M, Naber S (2008) Water conflicts among sectors and environmental uses in Jordan. OPTIONS Méditerranéennes, Mediterranean Seminars, water culture and water conflict in the Mediterranean area, Series A 83:159–172, Tunisia. http://ressources.ciheam.org/util/search/detail_numero.php?mot=384&langue=en
- Strzepek KM (1981) MITSIM-2: A simulation model for planning operational analysis of river basin systems. International institute for applied systems 236 1, Laxenburg, Austria. http://webarchive.iiasa.ac.at/Admin/PUB/Documents/WP-81-124.pdf. Accessed 29 December 2012