Advertisement

Water Resources Management

, Volume 22, Issue 10, pp 1431–1443 | Cite as

Runoff Efficiency and the Technique of Micro-water Harvesting with Ridges and Furrows, for Potato Production in Semi-arid Areas

  • Qi Wang
  • Enhe Zhang
  • Fengmin Li
  • Fengrui Li
Article

Abstract

A field study was conducted to determine runoff efficiency and the effects of different ridge: furrow ratios and ridge-covering materials on tuber yield, soil moisture storage and water use efficiency (WUE) in the ridge and furrow micro-water harvesting system in a dry semi-arid region of China, during two consecutive years of 2002 and 2003. The average runoff efficiency of ridges with compacted soil (SR) was very low (24.6–28.8%) compared to that of ridges covered with plastic film (MR) (91.1–94.3%). The minimal rainfall necessary to produce runoff was 2.76–2.78 mm for SR, only 0.23–0.47 mm for MR. The field experiments using potato as an indicator crop showed that tuber yields in the MR system were significantly higher than that in the flat planting (control), with an average increase of 158.6–175.0% during 2 years. In the SR system, the average increase was valued of 14.9–28.4% during 2 years. Regression analysis between tuber yields and ridge widths indicated the optimum ridge: furrow ratio for MR was 39: 60 cm in 2002 and 48: 60 cm in 2003 respectively. The WUE values of potato in MR were 1.50 times greater than that of the controls in 2002 and 1.62 times greater than the controls in 2003. No differences were found in the WUE between the SR and the controls on average of 2 years. Due to the different runoff efficiency between two ridge-covering materials and absence of runoff occurrence in the controls, the soil water content in the MR was higher than that in the SR, both of which were greater than the controls. With the soil crust development, the distribution of soil water at the bottom of the furrow, at the side of the furrow and at the top of the ridge, is similar between the SR and the MR.

Keywords

Furrow Ridge Micro-water harvesting Runoff Tuber yields Water use efficiency 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Boers TM, Zondervanb K, Ben-Asher J (1986) Micro-Catchment-Water-Harvesting (MCWH) for arid zone development. Agric Water Manag 12:21–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bruins HJ, Evenari M, Nessler U (1986) Rainwater-harvesting agriculture for food production in arid zones: the challenge of the African famine. Appl Geogr 6:13–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cao YQ, Liu YM, Wang MC, Liu JY (1994) Testing study of cultivation technique of water collection by ridge and furrow mulching rain-fed farmlands. Agric Res Arid Area 12(1):74–78 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Carter DC, Miller S (1991) Three years experience with an on-farm macro-catchment water harvesting system in Botswana. Agric Water Manag 19:191–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Evenari M, Shanan L, Tadmor NH (1968) Runoff farming in the desert. I. Experimental layout. Agron J 60(1):29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Finkel HJ, Finkel ML (1987) Engineering measures: water harvesting. In: Finkel HJ, Finkel M (eds) Semi-arid soil and water conservation. CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, pp 93–101Google Scholar
  7. Gardner WR (1958) Some steady-state solutions of the unsaturated moisture flow equation with application to evaporation from a water table. Soil Sci 85:228–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta GN (1995) Rainwater management for tree planting in the Indian desert. J Arid Environ 31:219–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hu XY, Tao SH, Wang LX (1997) Research on ridge and furrow planting of proso in semiarid and drought-inclined area. Agric Res Arid Areas 15(1):43–47 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Li XY, Gong JD, Gao QZ (2000a) Rainfall harvesting and sustainable agriculture development in the Loess Plateau of China. J Desert Res 20(2):50–153Google Scholar
  11. Li XY, Gong JD, Wei XH (2000b) In-situ rainwater harvesting and gravel mulch combination for corn production in the dry semi-arid region of China. J Arid Environ 46:371–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Li XY, Gong JD, Gao QZ, Li FR (2001) Incorporation of ridge and furrow method of rainfall harvesting with mulching for crop production under semiarid condition. Agric Water Manag 50(3):173–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Li XY, Gong JD (2002) Effect of different ridge: furrow ratios and supplement irrigation on crop production in ridge and furrow rainfall harvesting system with mulches. Agric Water Manag 54(3):243–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Liu CM (1998) Rainwater utilization as sustainable development in China’s water resources. In: Zhang GY, Chen GH, Ni T, Yu AL, Li LJ, Wang KL (eds) International symposium and 2nd Chinese national conference on rainwater utilization. September, 8–12. Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China, pp 1–9Google Scholar
  15. Ma SL (1991) Dryfarming. China Agriculture Publishing House, Beijing, pp 175–185Google Scholar
  16. National Academy of Science (1974) More water for arid lands. National Academy of Science, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  17. Reiz C, Mulder P, Begeman L (1988) Water harvesting for plant production. World Black Technical paper 91, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  18. Sharma KD, Pareek OP, Singh HP (1982) Effect of runoff concentration on growth and yield of Jojoba. Agric Water Manag 5:73–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Teng ZHP (1992) Chinese potato cultivation. Agriculture Publishing House, Beijing, pp 30–35Google Scholar
  20. Wang JP, Ma L, Jiang J, Jia ZK (1999a) Research on corn planting technique of micro-water harvesting in semiarid area of south Ningxia. Acta Univ Agric Boreali-Occidentalis 27(3):22–27 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Wang JP, Jiang J, Han QF, Jia ZK, Zhang JC (1999b) Technique of spring wheat cultivation of farmland water micro-collection in semi-arid areas of south Ningxia. Agr Res Arid Areas 17(2):8–13 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Wei XY, Wu CY (2000) The experimental study of on-field rainfall harvesting against drought for high crop yield. Soil Water Conserv China 2:23–25 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Wilcox BP, Newman BD, Brandes D, Davenport DW (1997) Runoff from a semiarid ponderosa pine hill-slope in New Mexico. Water Resour Res 33:2301–2314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Zhao SL, Li FM, Wang J (1995) On the development of water harvesting agriculture in the semi-arid area northwest China. Acta Bot Boreal Occident Sin 15(8):9–13 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research InstituteChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.Gansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouChina
  3. 3.The Laboratory of Arid Agroecology, School of Life ScienceLanzhou UniversityGansu ProvinceChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Institute of Soil and Water ConservationChinese Academy of SciencesYangling, Shaanxi ProvinceChina

Personalised recommendations