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The Ideological Convergence of Civil Society Organizations and Newspapers in Turkey

Abstract

This study investigates the extent to which newspapers are polarized in representing civil society organizations in Turkey. In examining the news in 15 printed newspapers and 2 online newspapers in 2017, we found that (1) 1499 associations and 499 foundations were mentioned but not equally distributed across the newspapers, (2) Turkish newspapers’ coverage of associations/foundations was affected by the type of association/foundation (religious/conservative vs. secular) and newspaper (pro-government vs. anti-government), (3) when news about an association/foundation appeared in pro-government newspapers, it did not appear in anti-government newspapers, and vice versa, and (4) secular associations/foundations were covered more often by anti-government newspapers than by pro-government newspapers. We therefore argue that in countries such as Turkey, where civil society organizations have historically been closely allied with state or political ideologies, newspapers’ political stances affect the media coverage of civil society organizations.

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Notes

  1. Kemalism is the ideology that has been Turkey’s guiding principle since Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Turkish Republic in 1923. It consists of secularism, nationalism, republicanism, revolutionism, populism, and statism. Kemalism has been criticized by those who have been excluded or suppressed by its underlying worldview. It has also been widely praised by those who claim that it is necessary to maintain the regime.

  2. This intervention is referred to as ‘postmodern’ because the military did not use violent means to change the political system. Instead, the military members of the National Security Council in Turkey proposed a plan to the government that included twenty recommendations to protect secularism. The prime minister of the coalition of three parties resigned almost 4 months after February 28, while the Constitutional Court shut down the coalition’s leading party the following year.

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Appendices

Appendix 1

See Table 5.

Table 5 The 20 most frequently covered foundations

Appendix 2

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Table 6 The 20 most frequently covered associations

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Akboga, S., Arik, E. The Ideological Convergence of Civil Society Organizations and Newspapers in Turkey. Voluntas 31, 793–810 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-019-00144-1

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Keywords

  • Newspapers
  • Civil society organizations
  • Turkey
  • Polarization