Social franchising as an option for scale

Original Paper
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Abstract

This paper presents a review and synthesis of resources available to social entrepreneurs considering social franchising as an option for scale. We identified 20 publications produced by organizations supporting social franchising and four peer-reviewed journal manuscripts. Commonalities and differences between social and commercial franchising are discussed, with a focus on capacities and considerations needed to undertake social franchising. Based on our synthesis, we propose a seven-stage approach to guide social entrepreneurs in considering this option and to inform future research on social franchising as one potential mechanism for scaling impact.

Keywords

Social franchising Social enterprise Replication Impact Scale Entrepreneurship Innovation 

Résumé

Cet article présente une revue et une synthèse des ressources à la disposition des organismes sans but lucratif qui considèrent avoir recours au franchisage social pour prendre de l’ampleur. Nous avons décelé 20 publications rédigées par des organismes appuyant le franchisage social et 4 manuscrits revus par des pairs. L’article traite des similitudes et différences qui existent entre les franchisages social et commercial, avec un accent sur les capacités et considérations requises pour mettre le premier en œuvre. En fonction de notre synthèse, nous proposons une approche à sept phases qui guiderait les organismes sans but lucratif envisageant cette option et renseignerait la recherche ultérieure sur le franchisage social comme mécanisme potentiel d’amplification des impacts.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag enthält eine Prüfung und Übersicht zu den verfügbaren Ressourcen für gemeinnützige Organisationen, die soziales Franchising als eine Option zur Skalierung erwägen. Wir ermittelten 20 Publikationen, welche von Organisationen veröffentlicht wurden, die soziales Franchising unterstützen, und 4 Zeitschriftenmanuskripte, die per Peer-Review beurteilt wurden. Es werden die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen sozialem und kommerziellem Franchising diskutiert, wobei man sich auf die benötigten Kapazitäten und Überlegungen im Zusammenhang mit sozialem Franchising konzentriert. Beruhend auf unserer Darstellung schlagen wir einen sieben-stufigen Ansatz vor, um gemeinnützige Organisationen bei der Erwägung dieser Option zu lenken und zukünftige Forschungen zum sozialen Franchising als ein potenzieller Mechanismus für Skalierungsauswirkungen zu prägen.

Resumen

El presente documento presenta una revisión y una síntesis de recursos disponibles para las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro que consideran la franquicia social como una opción de escala. Identificamos 20 publicaciones producidas por organizaciones que apoyan la franquicia social y 4 manuscritos diarios revisados por iguales. Se tratan los elementos comunes y las diferencias entre la franquicia social y la comercial, con un foco de atención en las capacidades y consideraciones necesarias para emprender la franquicia social. Basándonos en nuestra síntesis, proponemos un enfoque de siete etapas para guiar a las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro a considerar esta opción y para informar a las futuras investigaciones sobre franquicia social como un mecanismo potencial para ampliar el impacto.

摘要

本文介绍了为非盈利组织所提供资源的回顾和综合,考虑社会特许作为扩大规模的选项。我们确定了20本支持社会特许的组织的出版物及4个同行审核的期刊稿。讨论了社会和商业特许之间的共性和差别,专注于进行社会特许所需的能力和考虑。基于我们的综合,我们建议了7七阶段方法,从而引导非盈利组织考虑本选项,并将未来的社会特许研究作为扩大影响的一个潜在机制。.

要約

本論文では、オプションとして社会規模のフランチャイズを考慮する非営利組織による資源統合の見直しを提案する。社会フランチャイズの支援団体と査読誌の原稿4本から構成される出版物20点を明示した。社会フランチャイズと商業フランチャイズの共通点と違いを説明して、社会的フランチャイズの実施に必要な考慮事項に焦点を当てる。構成に基づいて7段階のアプローチを提案して、このオプションを考える上で非営利組織を導くが、スケーリングの影響における潜在的なメカニズムの1つとして、社会フランチャイズについての将来の研究を提示する。.

ملخص

هذا البحث يعرض مراجعة وتحليل الموارد المتاحة للمنظمات الغير ربحية مع الأخذ في الإعتبار الإمتياز الإجتماعي كإختيار لنطاق واسع. حددنا 20 من المنشورات الصادرة عن المنظمات الداعمة للإمتياز الإجتماعي و4 مخطوطات دفاتر يومية لمراجعة النظراء. تمت مناقشة القواسم المشتركة والإختلافات بين الإمتياز الإجتماعي والتجاري، مع التركيز على القدرات والإعتبارات اللازمة لتنفيذ الإمتياز الإجتماعي. بناءا” على تركيب لدينا نقترح نهج المراحل السبعة لتوجيه المنظمات الغير ربحية في الأخذ في الإعتبارهذا الإختيار وإخبارالبحوث المستقبلية عن الإمتياز الإجتماعي كأحد الآليات المحتملة لتوسيع نطاق التأثير.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Center for Health and the Global Environment at Harvard School of Public Health for their support (chgeharvard.org). The social entrepreneurs mentioned in the Introduction are FLDO NGO in Egypt and ShareQ NGO in Lebanon, who inspired and motivated this work with their inquiries into social franchising and the lack of resources to inform its practice. To learn more about these social entrepreneurs and the dialogue surrounding their expansion efforts, please visit http://www.alfanar.org.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Health and the Global EnvironmentHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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