Toward More Targeted Capacity Building: Diagnosing Capacity Needs Across Organizational Life Stages

  • Fredrik O. Andersson
  • Lewis Faulk
  • Amanda J. Stewart
Original Paper

Abstract

Investments to build nonprofit organizational capacity have increased rapidly in recent years as both funders and nonprofits seek ways to improve performance. Yet, while research has elucidated the variety of capacity areas organizations generally depend on, we do not yet have a clear empirical understanding of which capacity areas are important to focus on developing or how these capacity needs vary across organizations. Using a life-cycle perspective and extensive data on 71 human service organizations, we examine the relative strength of ten capacity areas at different stages of the nonprofit life-cycle. Findings contribute greater empirical grounding for research on organizational capacity development and have implications for researchers, managers, and funders interested in nonprofit capacity building.

Keywords

Nonprofit organizations Organizational capacity Organizational life-cycle Human service organizations 

Résumé

Les investissements destinés à renforcer les capacités des organisations à but non lucratif ont rapidement augmenté ces dernières années puisque les bailleurs de fonds et les organisations à but non lucratif cherchent des moyens d’améliorer les performances. Pourtant, tandis que la recherche a élucidé la diversité des domaines liés aux capacités dont dépendent généralement les organisations, nous n’avons toujours pas de compréhension claire empirique des domaines qui sont importants pour se concentrer sur le développement ou de la façon dont ces besoins en capacités varient selon les organisations. En utilisant un point de vue du cycle de vie et de nombreuses données sur 71 organisations de services sociaux, nous examinons la force relative des 10 domaines liés aux capacités à différents stades du cycle de vie des organisations à but non lucratif. Les observations contribuent à des fondements plus empiriques pour la recherche sur le développement des capacités des organisations et ont des conséquences pour les chercheurs, les responsables et les bailleurs de fonds intéressés par le renforcement des capacités des organisations à but non lucratif.

Zusammenfassung

Die Investitionen für den Aufbau von Kapazitäten gemeinnütziger Organisationen sind in den letzten Jahren rapide angestiegen; denn sowohl die Geldgeber als auch die gemeinnützigen Organisationen suchen Mittel und Wege zur Leistungsverbesserung. Während in Studien die verschiedenen Kapazitätsbereiche, auf die die Organisationen im Allgemeinen angewiesen sind, erläutert wurden, haben wir noch immer kein eindeutiges empirisches Verständnis darüber, welche wichtigen Kapazitätsbereiche man insbesondere entwickeln sollte oder wie die Kapazitätsbedürfnisse für verschiedene Organisationen variieren. Unter Verwendung einer Lebenszyklusperspektive und umfassender Daten über 71 Human-Service-Organisationen untersuchen wir die relative Stärke von 10 Kapazitätsbereichen in verschiedenen Phasen des Lebenszyklus gemeinnütziger Organisationen. Die Ergebnisse stellen ein größeres empirisches Fundament für die Forschung über die Entwicklung der organisatorischen Kapazität zur Verfügung und sind für Forscher, Manager und Geldgeber, die am Kapazitätsaufbau im gemeinnützigen Bereich interessiert sind, von Bedeutung.

Resumen

Las inversiones para crear la capacidad organizativa de las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro han aumentado rápidamente en los últimos años ya que tanto los financiadores como las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro buscan formas de mejorar el rendimiento. Sin embargo, aunque la investigación ha esclarecido la variedad de áreas de capacidad de las que dependen normalmente las organizaciones, no tenemos todavía una comprensión empírica clara de qué áreas de capacidad son importantes para centrarse en el desarrollo o cómo estas necesidades de capacidad varían en las organizaciones. Utilizando una perspectiva de ciclo de vida y los extensos datos sobre 71 organizaciones de servicios humanos, examinamos la fortaleza relativa de 10 áreas de capacidad en diferentes etapas del ciclo de vida de las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro. Los hallazgos contribuyen a una base empírica mayor para la investigación sobre el desarrollo de la capacidad organizativa y tienen implicaciones para los investigadores, los gestores y los financiadores interesados en la creación de capacidad de las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro.

摘要

最近几年, 由于投资者和 非盈利机构 都在寻找提高组织机构表现的途径, 因此, 非盈利性机构的能力建设投资增长很快, 但是,虽然有研究揭示了组织机构通常所需的各种能力,但从经验主义角度,我们尚不清楚需要着重发展哪种能力或不同机构在对这些能力的需求有何差异。我们 根据71个人类服务机构的数据, 从生命周期角度,考察了10种能力在非盈利机构生命周期的各个阶段中的相对优势, 我们的发现为组织机构能力发展研究提供了经验主义基础, 对非盈利机构能力建设感兴趣的 研究人员、经理人 和 投资人 有具有重要意义。

要約

非営利組織における能力構築のための投資は、資金提供者と非営利団体によるパフォーマンスを向上させる方法として、近年急速に増加している。研究団体では、一般に依存する組織の能力を明らかにするが、どの能力領域が開発に重要であるか、この能力が組織間で異なる必要があるかについては明確に実証的されていない。71団体の人材サービス組織のライフ・サイクルにおける視点と豊富なデータを使用して、非営利団体のライフ・サイクルの様々な段階における10の領域での相対的な強さを調査する。調査結果から、組織能力の開発における研究は実証的な接地を貢献して、研究者、管理者、資金提供者は、非営利団体の能力構築に興味があることがわかった。

ملخص

زادت الإستثمارات لبناء القدرات التنظيمية الغير ربحية بسرعة في السنوات الأخيرة كل من الممولين والمنظمات الغير ربحية يبحثون عن سبل لتحسين الأداء. حتى اﻵن، في حين أن الأبحاث تقوم بتوضيح قدرة المجالات المتنوعة التي تعتمد المنظمات عليها بشكل عام ، نحن لم يكن لدينا فهم واضح تجريبي عن أي مناطق االقدرات مهمة للتركيز علىها في التطوير أو كيف يمكن لهذه الإحتياجات للقدرات تتفاوت بين المنظمات. بإستخدام منظور دورة الحياة وبيانات واسعة من 71 من منظمات خدمة الإنسان، نحن نفحص القوة النسبية ل 10 مناطق قدرات على مراحل مختلفة لدورة حياة غير ربحية. النتائج تساهم في أكبر أسس تجريبية للبحوث في مجال تنمية القدرات التنظيمية و لها تأثير للباحثين والمديرين والممولين المهتمين بمجال بناء القدرات الغير ربحية.

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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fredrik O. Andersson
    • 1
  • Lewis Faulk
    • 2
  • Amanda J. Stewart
    • 3
  1. 1.Helen Bader Institute for Nonprofit ManagementUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Public Administration and Policy, School of Public AffairsAmerican UniversityWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.School of Public and International AffairsNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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