Autonomous Motivation Stimulates Volunteers’ Work Effort: A Self-Determination Theory Approach to Volunteerism

  • J. Bidee
  • T. Vantilborgh
  • R. Pepermans
  • G. Huybrechts
  • J. Willems
  • M. Jegers
  • J. Hofmans
Original Paper

Abstract

Although today’s nonprofit organizations make a strong appeal to volunteers, they often have difficulties with attracting and retaining these free labor forces. In this sense, studying the motivation of volunteers and its effects proves useful. In the present article, we investigate the relationship between volunteers’ motivation and their self-reported work effort, while relying on the Self-Determination Theory. The results indicate a positive link between volunteers’ autonomous motivation and work effort. Moreover, this relationship holds for each person in our sample, irrespective of the organization in which she/he is volunteering. Implications for future research, as well as the practical impact of these findings, are discussed.

Keywords

Volunteering Self-determination Motivation Work effort 

Résumé

Bien que les organisations sans but lucratif recourent énormément de nos jours aux volontaires, elles rencontrent souvent des difficultés pour attirer et retenir ces effectifs bénévoles. C’est à cet égard que l’étude de la motivation des volontaires et des effets de celle-ci s’avère utile. Dans le présent article, nous étudions la relation entre la motivation des volontaires et les efforts de travail dont ils font eux-même état, tout en nous appuyant sur la Théorie de l’autodétermination. Les résultats indiquent un lien positif entre la motivation autonome des volontaires et l’effort de travail. En outre, cette relation existe pour chaque personne dans notre échantillon, indépendamment de l’organisation où elle fait du volontariat. Les implications pour la recherche future, ainsi que l’impact pratique de ces constatations, font l’objet d’une discussion.

Zusammenfassung

Obwohl Nonprofit-Organisationen heutzutage einen eindringlichen Appell an ehrenamtlich Tätige richten, haben sie doch oftmals Schwierigeiten, diese freien Arbeitskräfte anzuziehen und zu halten. In diesem Sinne erweist es sich als nützlich, die Motivation ehrenamtlich Tätiger und deren Auswirkungen zu untersuchen. In dem vorliegenden Beitrag betrachten wir das Verhältnis zwischen der Motivation ehrenamtlich Tätiger und den von ihnen angegebenen Arbeitseinsatz, wobei wir uns auf die Selbstbestimmungstheorie stützen. Die Ergebnisse lassen eine positive Verbindung zwischen der autonomen Motivation der ehrenamtlich Tätigen und dem Arbeitseinsatz erkennen. Außerdem trifft dieses Verhältnis auf alle Personen in unserer Stichprobe zu, unabhängig von der Organisation, für die sie ehrenamtlich tätig sind. Die Implikationen für zukünftige Forschungen sowie die praktischen Auswirkungen der Ergebnisse werden diskutiert.

Resumen

Aunque las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro de la actualidad apelan con fuerza a los voluntarios, a menudo tienen dificultades para atraer y retener a estas fuerzas laborales gratuitas. En este sentido, resulta útil estudiar la motivación de los voluntarios y sus efectos. En el presente artículo, investigamos la relación entre la motivación de los voluntarios y el esfuerzo de trabajo notificado por ellos mismos, basándonos en la Teoría de la Auto-Determinación. Los resultados indican un vínculo positivo entre la motivación autónoma de los voluntarios y el esfuerzo de trabajo. Asimismo, esta relación se mantiene para cada persona de nuestra muestra, independientemente de la organización en la que realiza el voluntariado. Se tratan las implicaciones para futuras investigaciones, así como también el impacto práctico de estos hallazgos.

ملخص

尽管如今的非营利组织向志愿者进行强烈呼吁,但他们往往难以吸引和留住这些免费劳动力。在此意义上说,研究志愿者的动机及其影响是具有意义的。本文基于自我决定理论,对志愿者的动机与其自报的工作投入之间的关系展开调查。结果表明,志愿者的自主动机与工作投入之间具有积极的联系。此外,这种关系适用于调查样本中的每个人,与其服务的组织无关。本文还探讨了本研究对今后研究的影响以及研究结果的实际影响。.

要約

今日の非営利団体は強くアピールしているが、ボランティアを無報酬の労働に惹きつけて維持することは往々にして困難である。この点でボランティアの動機とその効果を研究するのは有益であるといえる。本論文では、自己決定理論に基づいて、ボランティアの動機と自己申告による労働に対する努力の関係について調査する。結果としてボランティアの自発的な動機と労働に対する努力における積極的なつながりが明らかとなった。さらに、この関係はボランティアを行う組織の如何に関わらず、サンプルにおいては各人の中で成立するといえる。今後の調査として、この調査結果における実際の効果について議論する。.

摘要

على الرغم من أن المنظمات الغير ربحية اليوم تستنجد بقوة بالمتطوعين، فإنهم غالبا˝ ما يواجهون صعوبات في إجتذاب وإبقاء هذه القوى العاملة المجانية. في هذا المعنى، دراسة دوافع المتطوعين وآثارها يثبت جدواها. في هذه المقالة، نحن نبحث في العلاقة بين دوافع المتطوعين وجهود العمل الذي يذكروه ، في حين إعتمادهم على نظرية العزم الذاتي. تشير النتائج إلى وجود صلة إيجابية بين دافع المتطوعين المستقل بذاته والجهد المبذول في العمل. علاوة على ذلك ، هذه العلاقة صامدة مع كل شخص في العينة الخاصة بنا ، بغض النظر عن منظمة التطوع التي هي/هو بها. مناقشة آثار بحوث المستقبل، فضلا˝ عن الأثر العملي لهذه النتائج.

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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The John's Hopkins University 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bidee
    • 1
  • T. Vantilborgh
    • 1
  • R. Pepermans
    • 1
  • G. Huybrechts
    • 2
  • J. Willems
    • 2
  • M. Jegers
    • 2
  • J. Hofmans
    • 1
  1. 1.Work & Organizational PsychologyVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Micro-economics for Profit and Non Profit SectorVrije Universiteit BrusselBrusselsBelgium

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