Virus Genes

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 818–822 | Cite as

Detection and prevalence of adenoviruses from free-ranging black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra)

  • Laura Elisa Argüello-SánchezEmail author
  • Alejandro Espinosa de los Monteros
  • Diego Santiago-Alarcon
  • Christian Alberto García-Sepúlveda


Adenoviruses are important pathogens known to infect vertebrate hosts, including a wide range of primates. Despite its importance, data on the diversity of these viruses in non-human primates living in their natural habitat remain scarce. In this study, we conducted a surveillance of adenoviral infection in wild black howler monkeys from two protected natural areas in Mexico. This was achieved by analyzing 67 fecal samples using a nested PCR that targets the adenovirus DNA polymerase gene. Adenoviral DNA was detected in 12 samples from both study sites, with an overall prevalence of 17.9%. The amplified DNA sequences shared 100% nucleotide identity and phylogenetic analyses revealed that the haplotype detected was novel, and clustered with Platyrrhini mastadenovirus A, which was previously described in captive New World monkeys. Our data, along with the previous evidence, confirm that monkeys native to the Americas are the original hosts of these adenoviruses.


Adenovirus phylogeny DNA polymerase gene Mastadenovirus Primate adenovirus Platyrrhini 



We thank Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, and Comisión Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas of Calakmul Biosphere Reserve and Palenque National Park, for permits and logistic support in the field for sample collection. We are grateful to Jonas Morales Linares, Ricardo Gómez Enríquez, and Sebastián Montejo Narvaez for field assistance and Janet Nolasco Soto for her assistance during lab analysis. LEAS received a Graduate Student grant from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología México (250327).

Author contributions

LEAS and AEM designed the study. LEAS collected and sequenced samples. DSA, AEM, LEAS, and CAGS participated in the discussion and manuscript drafting. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Red de Biología Evolutiva, Laboratorio de Sistemática FilogenéticaInstituto de EcologíaXalapaMexico
  2. 2.Red de Biología y Conservación de VertebradosInstituto de EcologíaXalapaMexico
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Genómica Viral y Humana, Facultad de MedicinaUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis PotosíSan Luis PotosíMexico

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