Virus Genes

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 348–350 | Cite as

The complete genome of a putative endornavirus identified in yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.)

  • Humberto J. DebatEmail author
  • Mauro Grabiele
  • Patricia M. Aguilera
  • Rosana Bubillo
  • Pedro D. Zapata
  • Dardo A. Marti
  • Daniel A. Ducasse


We present the first report of a virus infecting the subtropical tree crop yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.). Total RNA purification, followed by next-generation sequencing, transcripts assembly and annotation, resulted in the identification of a new endornavirus species infecting yerba mate. The complete sequence of the linear dsRNA viral genome is 13,954-nt long, contains a single 13,743 nt ORF, and presents a 149 nt 5′UTR and a 61 nt 3′UTR. The predicted ORF encodes a 4,581 aa polypeptide with a UDP-glucose glycosyl-transferase, a capsular polysaccharide synthesis protein, and a RNA-dependent RNA polymerase domain. The name yerba mate endornavirus is proposed for the identified virus. Due to the intriguing peculiarities of this virus family, and the complete lack of the yerba mate virus literature, we consider that the information reported here will be helpful in leading to a new and needed attention to this important topic and crop.


Yerba mate Ilex paraguariensis Endornavirus Virus genome Phylogenetic analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Humberto J. Debat
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mauro Grabiele
    • 2
  • Patricia M. Aguilera
    • 2
  • Rosana Bubillo
    • 3
  • Pedro D. Zapata
    • 4
  • Dardo A. Marti
    • 2
  • Daniel A. Ducasse
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Patología Vegetal, Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (IPAVE-CIAP-INTA)CórdobaArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto de Biología Subtropical, Universidad Nacional de Misiones (IBS-UNaM-CONICET)PosadasArgentina
  3. 3.Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Cerro Azul, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (EEA Cerro Azul-INTA)Cerro AzulArgentina
  4. 4.Instituto de Biotecnología Misiones, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas Químicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Misiones (INBIOMIS-FCEQyN-UNaM)PosadasArgentina

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