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Gill morphology in two Mediterranean Sea fishes of similar feeding preferences: sea bream (Sparus aurata L) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to describe the gill morphology of the gilthead sea bream and sea bass fishes that showed the same feeding habits. Our study focused on the gross morphological, scanning and light microscopical features of the gills, where a many differences in the gill arches and gill rakers surface in both species were explained. Our results marked that; there was an interbranchial median elevation appeared in sea bream. The gill arches length and the gaps between decreased medial wards in both species. The gill rakers had similar arrangement and varied number in both species. The first lateral rakers row was the longest one in sea bass. However the gill filaments appeared in double rows. Gill filaments were long at middle and short at extremities of gill arch in both species. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the surfaces of gill arch covered by a mosaic of pavement cells, varied sized pores of chloride cells and many pointed spines on the rakers ventral border in both species. Two types of taste buds marked on the gill arches and rakers in sea bass. Many lamellae appeared on filaments in both species.

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Correspondence to Mohamed A. M. Alsafy.

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Alsafy, M.A.M. Gill morphology in two Mediterranean Sea fishes of similar feeding preferences: sea bream (Sparus aurata L) and sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Vet Res Commun 37, 163–170 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-013-9561-2

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Keywords

  • Gilthead sea bream
  • Sea bass
  • Gills
  • Morphology
  • Light microscopy
  • Scanning electron microscopy