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Immune Responses and Protective Efficacy of Binary Ethylenimine (BEI)-Inactivated Bluetongue Virus Vaccines in Sheep

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Abbreviations

Al(OH)3 :

aluminium hydroxide

BEI:

binary ethylenimine

BTV:

bluetongue virus

CMI:

cell-mediated immune response

CPE:

cytopathic effect

CRI:

clinical reaction index

d.p.i.:

days post inoculation

DTH:

delayed-type hypersensitivity

EHDV:

epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus of deer

FIA:

Freund’s incomplete adjuvant

PBS:

phosphate-buffered saline

pfu:

plaque-forming unit

PHA:

phytohaemagglutinin

RBC:

red blood cell

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Correspondence to M. A. Ramakrishnan.

Additional information

Ramakrishnan, M.A., Pandey, A.B., Singh, K.P., Singh, R., Nandi, S. and Mehrotra, M.L., 2006. Immune responses and protective efficacy of binary ethylenimine (BEI)-inactivated bluetongue virus vaccines in sheep. Veterinary Research Communications, 30(8), 873–880

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Ramakrishnan, M.A., Pandey, A.B., Singh, K.P. et al. Immune Responses and Protective Efficacy of Binary Ethylenimine (BEI)-Inactivated Bluetongue Virus Vaccines in Sheep. Vet Res Commun 30, 873–880 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-006-3313-5

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Keywords

  • bluetongue virus vaccine
  • binary ethylenimine
  • humoral response
  • delayed type of hypersensitivity
  • clinical reaction index