Relationships between landscape patterns and species richness of trees, shrubs and vines in a tropical forest

Abstract

The present study aims to identify and characterize the relationships among landscape structure and plant diversity in a tropical landscape forest in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Total species richness as well as that of trees, shrubs and vines species were identified from 141 sampling quadrats (16,543 individuals sampled). Based on vegetation classes obtained from multi-spectral satellite image classification, I constructed plant diversity maps of the landscape under study using stratified kriging. I calculated the mean number of species in individual patches as the average values of kriging estimates inside of each patch. I then explored the relationships between landscape pattern metrics and the species richness of trees, shrubs and vines, as well as all groups combined using regression analysis. I employed Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) to select a set of candidate models. Based on akaike weights, I calculated model-averaged parameters. Results show that plant diversity of the patches depends on both the quality of the surrounding habitats and the proximity of surrounding patches (i.e., patch isolation).

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Correspondence to J. Luis Hernandez-Stefanoni.

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Hernandez-Stefanoni, J.L. Relationships between landscape patterns and species richness of trees, shrubs and vines in a tropical forest. Plant Ecol 179, 53–65 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-004-5776-1

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Keywords

  • Akaike information criterion
  • Landscape metrics
  • Plant diversity
  • Remote sensing
  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • Stratified kriging