This study reports on a qualitative narrative, counterstory of six faculty and one administrator of color (Merriam in Qualitative research: a guide to design and implementation. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, 2009; Yosso in Critical race counterstories along the Chicana/Chicano educational pipeline. Taylor & Francis Group, New York, 2006) teaching at a Predominately White Institution teacher education in a rural U. S. state. The study examined the experiences of how the racial hierarchy, the macro-level and the organizational-individual relations impacted diverse (i.e., Othered) faculty. Specifically, participants explained how unequal racial relations had significant professional and personal consequences. In reflecting on the findings, we theorize how future research on diversity-racial relations in teacher education programs may be enhanced by foregrounding insights from the literature on Whiteness Studies, Critical Race Theory, and examination of White organizational structures toward strengthening multiracial coalitions.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Amey, M. J., & Eddey, P. L. (2018). Leading in the middle. In J. S. Levin & S. T. Kater (Eds.), Understanding community colleges (pp. 203–226). New York, NY: Routledge.
Bell, D. A. (1992). Faces at the bottom of the well: The permanence of racism. New York, NY: Basic.
Birnbaum, R. (1991). How colleges work: The cybernetics of academic organization and leadership. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Chang, M. J. (1993). Toward an Asian American legal scholarship: Critical race theory, post- structuralism, and narrative space. California Law Review,81, 1241–1323. https://doi.org/10.2307/3480919.
Clark, T. (2018). ISU researchers: Racism is rampant in higher education. Retrieved April 3, 2020 from https://www.kcrg.com/content/news/ISU-researchers-Racism-is-rampant-in-higher-education-485066951.html.
Coats, R. D. (2011). Covert racism: Theories, institutions, and experiences: Studies in critical social sciences. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers.
Cochran-Smith, M. (1995). Uncertain allies: Understanding the boundaries of race and teaching. Harvard Educational Review,65(4), 541–570.
Delgado, R. (1989). Storytelling for oppositionists and others: A plea for narrative. Michigan Law Review,81, 2411–2441.
Du Bois, W. E. B. (1903). The souls of black folk. New York: NY Dover Publications Inc.
Du Bois, W. E. B. (1940). Dusk of dawn: An essay toward an autobiography of a race concept. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Ford, K. A. (2011). Race, gender, bodily (mis)recognitions: Women of color faculty experiences with White students in the college classrooms. The Journal of Higher Education,82, 444–478. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.2011.0026.
Frankenberg, R. (Ed.). (1997). Displacing whiteness. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Garner, S. (2017). Surfing the third wave of whiteness studies: Reflections on Twine and Gallagher. Ethnic and Racial Studies,40(9), 1582–1597. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2017.1300301.
Giroux, H. A. (2017). Critical theory and educational practice. In A. Darder, R. D. Torres, & M. P. Baltodano (Eds.), The Critical Pedagogy Reader (pp. 31–55). New York, NY: Routledge.
Han, K. T. (2012). Experiences of faculty of color teaching in a predominantly White university: Fostering interracial relationships among faculty of color and White preservice teachers. International Journal of Progressive Education,8(2), 25–48.
Han, K. T. (2014). Moving racial discussion forward: A counterstory of racialized dynamics between an Asian-woman faculty of color and White preservice teachers in traditional rural America. The Journal of Diversity in Higher Education,7(2), 126–146. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036055.
Han, K. T. (2015). Challenges in implementing critical literacy practices in remote rural teacher education programs. In B. Yoon & R. Sharif (Eds.), Critical literacy practice: Applications of critical theory in diverse settings (pp. 129–146). New York: Springer.
Han, K. T. (2018). A demographic and epistemological divide: Problematizing diversity and equity education in traditional rural teacher education. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/09518398.2018.1455997.
Han, K. T., & Leonard, J. (2017). Why diversity matters in rural America: Women faculty of color challenging Whiteness. The Urban Review,49(1), 112–139. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11256-016-0384-7.
Han, K.T., Leonardo, J., & Kambutu, J. (Under review). Macroaggressions, microaggressions, and silencing in the academy: Counternarratives of faculty of color in rural teacher education. Submitted to American Educational Research Journal.
Han, K. T., Madhuri, M., & Scull, W. R. (2015). Two sides of the same coin: Preservice teachers’ dispositions towards critical pedagogy and social justice concerns in rural and urban teacher education contexts. The Urban Review,47(4), 626–656. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11256-015-0327-8.
Han, K. T., Scull, W. R., Nganga, L., & Kambutu, J. (2018). Voices from the red states: Challenging racial positioning in some of the most conservative communities in America. Race, Ethnicity, and Education.. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613324.2018.1468751.
Jost, J. T., Rudman, L. A., Blair, I. V., Carney, D. R., Dasgupta, N., Glaser, J., et al. (2009). The existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt: A refutation of ideological and methodological objections and executive summary of ten studies that no manager should ignore. In A. P. Brief & B. M. Staw (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, 29 (pp. 39–69). New York, NY: Elsevier.
Kiang, P. N. (2004). Linking strategies and interventions in Asian American Studies to K–12 classrooms and teacher preparation. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education,17(2), 199–225.
Knowles, C. (2008). The landscape of post-imperial whiteness in rural Britain. Ethnic and Racial Studies,31(1), 167–184.
Ladson-Billings, G. (1999). Preparing teachers for diverse student populations: A critical race theory perspective. Review of Research in Education,24, 211–247.
Lee, S. M. (2002). Do Asian American faculty face a glass ceiling in higher education? American Educational Research Journal, 39, 695–724. https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312039003695.
Lee, B., Iceland, J., & Sharp, G. (2012). Racial and ethnic diversity goes local: Charting change in American communities over three decades. http://diversity.ucsc.edu/news-events/news/images/US2010.pdf.
Leonardo, Z. (2009). Race, Whiteness, and education. New York: Routledge.
Li, G., & Beckett, G. (Eds.). (2006). “Strangers” of the academy: Asian women scholars in higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus.
Lowe, R. J., & Kiczowiak, M. (2016). Native-speakerism and the complexity of personal experience: A duoethnographic study. Cogent Education,3(1), 1264171.
Marx, S. (2006). Revealing the invisible: Confronting passive racism in teacher education. New York: Routledge.
McElderry, J., & Rivera, S. (2017). Your agenda item, our experience: two administrators’ insights on campus unrest at Mizzou. Journal of Negro Education,86(3), 318–337.
Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Merryfield, M. M. (2000). Why aren’t teachers being prepared to teach for diversity, equity, and global interconnectedness? A study of lived experiences in the making of multicultural and global educators? Teaching and Teacher Education,16, 429–443.
Milner, H. R., & Howard, T. C. (2013). Counter-narrative as method: Race, policy and research for teacher education. Race Ethnicity and Education,16(4), 536–561.
Perry, G., Moore, H., Edwards, C., Acosta, K., & Frey, C. (2009). Maintaining credibility and authority as an instructor of color in diversity education classrooms: A qualitative inquiry. The Journal of Higher Education,80, 80–105. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.0.0030.
Rasmussen, B. B. (Ed.). (2001). The making and unmaking of whiteness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Reid, L. D. (2010). The role of perceived race and gender in the evaluation of college teaching on RateMyProfessorsCom. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education,3(3), 137–152.
Scheurich, J. J., & Young, M. (1997). Coloring Epistemologies: Are our research epistemologies racially Biased? Educational Researcher,26, 4–16.
Sleeter, C. E. (2008). Preparing White teachers for diverse students. In M. Cochran-Smith, S. Feiman-Namser, D. J. McIntyre, & K. E. Demers (Eds.), Handbook of research in teacher education: Enduring questions in changing contexts (pp. 559–582). New York, NY: Routledge.
Smith, D. G., & Wolf-Wendel, L. E. (2005). The challenge of diversity: Involvement or alienation in the academy?. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Periodicals.
Smith, W. A., Yosso, T. J., & Solorzano, D. G. (2006). Challenging racial battle fatigue on historically White campuses: A critical race examination of race-related stress. In C. A. Stanley (Ed.), Faculty of Color: Teaching in predominantly White colleges and universities (pp. 298–327). Boston, MA: Anker Publishing.
Solórzano, D. G., & Yosso, T. J. (2002). Critical race methodology: Counter-storytelling as an analytical framework for educational research. Qualitative Inquiry, 8, 23–44.
Spade, D. (2015). Normal life: Administrative violence, critical trans politics, & the limits of law. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Stanley, C. A. (2006). Coloring the academic land- scape: Faculty of color breaking the silence in predominantly White colleges and universities. American Educational Research Journal,43, 701–736. https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312043004701.
Teranishi, R. T. (2010). Asians in the ivory tower: Dilemmas of racial inequality in American higher education. New York: Teachers College Record.
Turner, C. S. V., Gonzalez, J. C., & Wood, J. L. (2008). Faculty of color in academe: What years of literature tells us. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education,1, 139–168.
Twine, F. W., & Gallagher, C. (2008). The future of whiteness: A map of the ‘third wave’. Ethnic and Racial Studies,31(1), 4–24.
Williams, D. (2013). Strategic diversity leadership: activating change and transformation in higher education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishers.
Yan, W., & Museus, S. D. (2013). Asian American and Pacific Islander faculty and the glass ceiling in the academy. In S. D. Museus, D. C. Maramba, & R. T. Teranishi (Eds.), The misrepresented minority: New insights on Asian American and Pacific Islanders, and the implications for higher education (pp. 249–265). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing LLC.
Yosso, T. J. (2006). Critical race counterstories along the Chicana/Chicano educational pipeline. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Han, K.T., Scull, W.R. & Harbour, C.P. Listening to Counternarratives of Faculty of Color: Studying Rural Racism in One of Most Conservative Communities in America. Urban Rev (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11256-020-00576-w
- Rural university
- Critical race theory
- Critical whiteness studies
- Faculty of color