The Urban Review

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 511–528 | Cite as

A Social Constructivist Approach to Preparing School Counselors to Work Effectively in Urban Schools

  • Robert R. Martinez
  • Lacretia Dye
  • Laura M. Gonzalez


In this article a social construction framework is used to improve the capacity of school counselors and trainees to work effectively with African American and Latina/o students in urban schools. Three key theoretical tenets of the social construction worldview are presented as a new lens for thinking about the meaning-making process of students in an urban school setting and how school counselors can support it. We offer activities to operationalize this theoretical point of view and implications for school counselor training and practice.


Social construction theory School counseling Urban schools Counselor training 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Martinez
    • 1
  • Lacretia Dye
    • 2
  • Laura M. Gonzalez
    • 3
  1. 1.School of EducationThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Counseling & Student AffairsWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  3. 3.School of EducationUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA

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